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Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. (2016). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 181(1): 1-20.
194591
10.1111/boj.12385 [view]
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group
2016
An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society
181(1): 1-20
Publication
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
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2016-11-22 03:13:21Z
created

Acanthaceae de Jussieu, 1789 (current name source)
Achariaceae Harms, 1897 (current name source)
Achatocarpaceae Heimerl, 1934 (current name source)
Acoraceae Martinov, 1820 (current name source)
Acorales (current name source)
Actinidiaceae Gilg & Werdermann, 1925 (current name source)
Adoxaceae E. Meyer, 1839 (current name source)
Adoxales accepted as Dipsacales (source of synonymy)
Aextoxicaceae Engler & Gilg, 1920 (current name source)
Agdestidaceae Nakai, 1942 accepted as Sarcobataceae Behnke, 1997 (source of synonymy)
Agdestis Moçiño & Sessé ex A.P. de Candolle, 1817 (verified source for family)
Aizoaceae Martinov, 1820 (current name source)
Akaniaceae Stapf, 1912 (current name source)
Alismataceae Ventenat, 1799 (current name source)
Alismatales (current name source)
Allantospermum Forman, 1965 (verified source for family)
Alstroemeriales accepted as Liliales (current name source)
Amaryllidales accepted as Asparagales (source of synonymy)
Amborellales (current name source)
Amphorogynaceae D.L. Nickrent & J.P. Der, 2010 accepted as Santalaceae R. Brown, 1810 (source of synonymy)
Anarthriaceae D.F. Cutler & Airy Shaw, 1965 accepted as Restionaceae R. Brown, 1810 (source of synonymy)
Apiales (current name source)
Apocynales accepted as Gentianales (source of synonymy)
Apodanthaceae van Tieghem ex Takhtajan, 1987 (current name source)
Aptandraceae Miers, 1853 accepted as Olacaceae de Jussieu ex R. Brown, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Aquifoliales (current name source)
Arales accepted as Alismatales (source of synonymy)
Araliales accepted as Apiales (source of synonymy)
Aralidiales accepted as Apiales (source of synonymy)
Arecaceae von Berchtold & J. Presl, 1820 (current name source)
Arecales (current name source)
Aristolochiales accepted as Piperales (source of synonymy)
Asparagales (current name source)
Asphodelaceae de Jussieu, 1789 (status source)
Asphodelaceae de Jussieu, 1789 (current name source)
Asterales (current name source)
Atrichodendron Gagnepain, 1950 (verified source for family)
Aucubales accepted as Garryales (source of synonymy)
Austrobaileyales (current name source)
Batales accepted as Brassicales (source of synonymy)
Begoniales accepted as Cucurbitales (source of synonymy)
Berberidales accepted as Ranunculales (source of synonymy)
Berberidopsidales (current name source)
Boraginaceae de Jussieu, 1789 (current name source)
Boraginales (current name source)
Boraginales (basis of record)
Boraginales (extant flag source)
Borthwickia W.W. Smith, 1912 (verified source for family)
Borthwickiaceae J.X. Su, W. Wang, L.B. Zhang & Z.D. Chen, 2012 accepted as Resedaceae Martinov, 1820 (basis of record)
Borthwickiaceae J.X. Su, W. Wang, L.B. Zhang & Z.D. Chen, 2012 accepted as Resedaceae Martinov, 1820 (extant flag source)
Borthwickiaceae J.X. Su, W. Wang, L.B. Zhang & Z.D. Chen, 2012 accepted as Resedaceae Martinov, 1820 (habitat flag source)
Borthwickiaceae J.X. Su, W. Wang, L.B. Zhang & Z.D. Chen, 2012 accepted as Resedaceae Martinov, 1820 (source of synonymy)
Brassicales (current name source)
Brassicales incertae sedis (basis of record)
Brexiales accepted as Celastrales (source of synonymy)
Bromeliales accepted as Poales (source of synonymy)
Bruniales (current name source)
Burmanniales accepted as Dioscoreales (source of synonymy)
Burserales accepted as Sapindales (source of synonymy)
Buxales (current name source)
Callitrichales accepted as Lamiales (source of synonymy)
Calycerales accepted as Asterales (source of synonymy)
Campanulales accepted as Asterales (source of synonymy)
Canellales (current name source)
Capparaceae de Jussieu, 1789 (current name source)
Capparales accepted as Brassicales (source of synonymy)
Cardiopteridaceae Blume, 1847 (current name source)
Caryophyllales (current name source)
Casuarinales accepted as Fagales (source of synonymy)
Celastrales (current name source)
Centrolepidaceae Endlicher, 1836 accepted as Restionaceae R. Brown, 1810 (source of synonymy)
Ceratophyllaceae Gray, 1822 (current name source)
Ceratophyllales (current name source)
Cervantesiaceae D.L. Nickrent & J.P. Der, 2010 accepted as Santalaceae R. Brown, 1810 (source of synonymy)
Chloranthales (current name source)
Circaeasterales accepted as Ranunculales (source of synonymy)
Cistales accepted as Malvales (source of synonymy)
Colchicales accepted as Liliales (source of synonymy)
Comandraceae D.L. Nickrent & J.P. Der, 2010 accepted as Santalaceae R. Brown, 1810 (source of synonymy)
Commelinales (current name source)
Coptocheile Hoffmannsegg in Schlechtendal, 1842 (verified source for family)
Cornales (current name source)
Coulaceae Tiegh, 1897 accepted as Olacaceae de Jussieu ex R. Brown, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Crossosomatales (current name source)
Cucurbitales (current name source)
Cyclanthales accepted as Pandanales (source of synonymy)
Cynomoriaceae Endlicher ex Lindley, 1833 (current name source)
Cynomoriales accepted as Saxifragales (source of synonymy)
Cyperales accepted as Poales (source of synonymy)
Daphniphyllales accepted as Saxifragales (source of synonymy)
Dasypogonaceae Dumortier, 1829 (current name source)
Diapensiales accepted as Ericales (source of synonymy)
Dilleniales (basis of record)
Dilleniales (current name source)
Dioscoreales (current name source)
Dipsacales (current name source)
Ebenales accepted as Ericales (source of synonymy)
Ericales (current name source)
Eriocaulales accepted as Poales (source of synonymy)
Erythropalaceae Planchon ex Miquel, 1856 accepted as Olacaceae de Jussieu ex R. Brown, 1818 (source of synonymy)
 Nomenclatural status

nomen conservandum propositum [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Included in Phytolaccaceae in APG III; APG IV notes that Agdestis may in fact either be placed in Sarcobataceae or ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Unplaced family in APG III, allocated to Cucurbitales in APG IV (2016). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

This family (Asphodelaceae sensu lato, including Xanthorrhoeaceae) was named Xanthorrhoeaceae in APG III because ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

APG IV states: "specimen poorly preserved, and thus difficult to know to which family it should belong; it is ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Treated as sensu lato in APG IV (2016), including Boraginaceae sens. strict., Codonaceae, Cordiaceae, Ehretiaceae, ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Previously in Capparaceae; transferred to own family (Borthwickiaceae) by Su et al. (2012), latter included in an ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Included in an expanded Resedaceae by APG IV (2016). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

APG IV states: "described in Gesneriaceae and may belong there but may belong elsewhere in Lamiales". [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Unplaced family in APG III, allocated to Saxifragales in APG IV (2016). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Previously in Capparaceae (ING), Brassicales - unallocated (APG III), Stixaceae (GRIN, 2011); Stixaceae/Stixidaceae ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

The name Melianthaceae was used in APG III, however Francoaceae has nomenclatural priority, refer APG IV (2016). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Includes Pteleocarpaceae (Pteleocarpa), refer APG IV (2016). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Expanded in APG IV (2016) to include Sanango, previously in Loganiaceae. [details]

 Taxonomic remark

APG IV states: "described in Sapindales and stated to be related to Diplopeltis, but may belong elsewhere; ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Family size reduced to 25 extant genera in APG IV (2016) cf. APG III, with Meteniusaceae increased; other families ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

APG IV states: "described in Capparaceae, but may belong elsewhere in Brassicales". [details]

 Taxonomic remark

New family post APG III for genus Macarthuria, formerly included in Limeaceae, accepted in APG IV (2016). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Separated from Phrymaceae post-APG III, accepted in APG IV (2016). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Previously placed in Phrymaceae and/or Scrophulariaceae, most recently in its own family Mazaceae, refer Reveal, ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Includes Francoaceae in APG III treatment, though GRIN maintains the latter fam. as distinct; APG IV retains the ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Contains 11 genera in APG IV (2016), up from one in APG III, majority previously in Icacinaceae. [details]

 Taxonomic remark

New family post APG III, formerly included in Phytolaccaceae (refer Schäferhoff et al., 2010), accepted in APG IV ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Previously included in Cornaceae in APG III; includes Camptothecaceae, Davidiaceae and Mastixiaceae, refer APG IV ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Previous family placement: Icacinaceae; placement in Metteniusaceae accepted in APG IV. [details]

 Taxonomic remark

In accordance with APG IV (2016) and APG III, Olacaceae is used sensu lato and includes various small families ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Expanded in APG IV (2016) to include Rehmannia (sometimes placed in own family Rehmanniaceae). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Previous family placement: Icacinaceae (ING); placement in Metteniusaceae accepted in APG IV. [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Formerly placed in Dipterocarpaceae, transferred to Cistaceae in APG IV. [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Nom. cons. (Pre APG placement: Loganiaceae). Conserved (nom. cons.) over the earlier homonym Peltanthera Roth, nom. ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Included in Euphorbiaceae in APG III, but retained as distinct in The Plant List v.1; family status restored in APG ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

New angiosperm family created subsequent to APG III, accepted in APG IV (2016). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Previous family placement: Icacinaceae (ING); placement in Metteniusaceae accepted in APG IV. [details]

 Taxonomic remark

APG IV states: "described in Capparaceae, but does not seem to belong there". [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Previous family placement: Icacinaceae (ING); placement in Metteniusaceae accepted in APG IV. [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Sometimes placed in own family Pteleocarpaceae; included in Gelsemiaceae in APG IV (2016). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Circumscription extended to include Borthwickiaceae and Stixidaceae (=Stixaceae) in APG IV (2016). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

In accordance with APG IV (2016) and APG III, Santalaceae is used sensu lato and includes various small families ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Replaced synonym: Capparaceae trib. Stixeae Hallier f., 1921 (IPNI). Family recognised in GRIN (Sep 2011) for small ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Unplaced family in APG III, allocated to Vahliales in APG IV (2016). [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Included in Adoxaceae in APG III and APG IV. Unintentionally approved as a nom. cons. over Adoxaceae in Applequist, ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Discussed in APG IV under corrected name "Xanthocerataceae", considered therein to be contained within Sapindaceae ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

APG III (2009) used this name for Xanthorrhoeaceae sens. lat., i.e. also including Asphodelaceae and ... [details]


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