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IRMNG taxon details

Muraena Linnaeus, 1758

1356749  (urn:lsid:irmng.org:taxname:1356749)

accepted
Genus
Limamuraena Kaup, 1856 · unaccepted (misspelling)
Limmamuraena Kaup in Duméril, 1856 · unaccepted (synonym)
Limomuraena Kaup, 1856 · unaccepted (synonym)
Muraenophys · unaccepted (misspelling)
Murena Scopoli, 1786 · unaccepted
Muroena Cuvier, 1798 · unaccepted

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  1. Species Muraena appendiculata (Guichenot, 1848)
  2. Species Muraena argus (Steindachner, 1870)
  3. Species Muraena australiae Richardson, 1848
  4. Species Muraena clepsydra Gilbert, 1898
  5. Species Muraena helena Linnaeus, 1758
  6. Species Muraena insularum Jordan & Davis, 1891
  7. Species Muraena lentiginosa Jenyns, 1842
  8. Species Muraena makassariensis
  9. Species Muraena melanotis (Kaup, 1859)
  10. Species Muraena pavonina Richardson, 1845
  11. Species Muraena retifera Goode & Bean, 1882
  12. Species Muraena robusta Osório, 1911
  13. Species Muraena acuminata Gronow, 1854 accepted as Myrichthys breviceps (Richardson, 1848)
  14. Species Muraena acutirostris Gronow, 1854 accepted as Ophisurus serpens (Linnaeus, 1758)
  15. Species Muraena afra Günther, 1870 accepted as Gymnothorax afer Bloch, 1795
  16. Species Muraena afra (Lacepède, 1803) accepted as Gymnothorax afer Bloch, 1795
  17. Species Muraena alba Zuiew, 1793 accepted as Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793)
  18. Species Muraena albimarginata Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 accepted as Gymnothorax albimarginatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
  19. Species Muraena albomarginata Pfaff, 1933 accepted as Muraena melanotis (Kaup, 1859)
  20. Species Muraena alusis Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Echidna catenata (Bloch, 1795)
  21. Species Muraena amblyodon Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Echidna amblyodon (Bleeker, 1856)
  22. Species Muraena anatina Lowe, 1838 accepted as Enchelycore anatina (Lowe, 1838)
  23. Species Muraena anguilla Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758)
  24. Species Muraena anguina Gronow, 1854 accepted as Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  25. Species Muraena angusticauda Weber & de Beaufort, 1916 accepted as Gymnothorax angusticauda (Weber & de Beaufort, 1916)
  26. Species Muraena annulata Ahl, 1789 accepted as Myrichthys colubrinus (Boddaert, 1781)
  27. Species Muraena arabicus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775)
  28. Species Muraena argentea Lesueur, 1817 accepted as Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur, 1817)
  29. Species Muraena augusti (Kaup, 1856) accepted as Muraena helena Linnaeus, 1758
  30. Species Muraena aurea Mowbray, 1931 accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
  31. Species Muraena australis (Richardson, 1841) accepted as Anguilla australis Richardson, 1841
  32. Species Muraena bagio Hamilton, 1822 accepted as Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton, 1822)
  33. Species Muraena balearica Delaroche, 1809 accepted as Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche, 1809)
  34. Species Muraena bengalensis Gray, 1831 accepted as Anguilla bengalensis (Gray, 1831)
  35. Species Muraena bettencourti Osório, 1911 accepted as Muraena helena Linnaeus, 1758
  36. Species Muraena boschii Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Echidna nebulosa (Ahl, 1789)
  37. Species Muraena bostoniensis Lesueur, 1817 accepted as Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur, 1817)
  38. Species Muraena brummeri Bleeker, 1858 accepted as Pseudechidna brummeri (Bleeker, 1858)
  39. Species Muraena bullata Richardson, 1848 accepted as Gymnothorax fimbriatus (Bennett, 1832)
  40. Species Muraena buroensis Bleeker, 1857 accepted as Gymnothorax buroensis (Bleeker, 1857)
  41. Species Muraena caeca Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Apterichtus caecus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  42. Species Muraena callorhyncha Günther, 1870 accepted as Gymnothorax prasinus (Richardson, 1848)
  43. Species Muraena cancellata Richardson, 1848 accepted as Gymnothorax undulatus (Lacepède, 1803)
  44. Species Muraena canina Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Enchelynassa canina (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  45. Species Muraena cassini Risso, 1810 accepted as Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche, 1809)
  46. Species Muraena catenata (Bloch, 1795) accepted as Echidna catenata (Bloch, 1795)
  47. Species Muraena chilensis Günther, 1872 accepted as Gymnothorax porphyreus (Guichenot, 1848)
  48. Species Muraena chlorostigma (Kaup, 1856) accepted as Gymnothorax meleagris (Shaw, 1795)
  49. Species Muraena cinerascens Rüppell, 1830 accepted as Gymnothorax hepaticus (Rüppell, 1830)
  50. Species Muraena cinerea Forsskål, 1775 accepted as Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775)
  51. Species Muraena colubrina Boddaert, 1781 accepted as Myrichthys colubrinus (Boddaert, 1781)
  52. Species Muraena conger Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Conger conger (Linnaeus, 1758)
  53. Species Muraena dovii Günther, 1870 accepted as Gymnothorax dovii (Günther, 1870)
  54. Species Muraena echidna Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Echidna nebulosa (Ahl, 1789)
  55. Species Muraena elaborata Poey, 1860 accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
  56. Species Muraena elegantissima Kaup, 1856 accepted as Gymnothorax pictus (Ahl, 1789)
  57. Species Muraena euptera Günther, 1870 accepted as Gymnothorax nubilus (Richardson, 1848)
  58. Species Muraena fasciata Ahl, 1789 accepted as Myrichthys colubrinus (Boddaert, 1781)
  59. Species Muraena fascigula Peters, 1855 accepted as Echidna polyzona (Richardson, 1845)
  60. Species Muraena fimbriata Bennett, 1832 accepted as Gymnothorax fimbriatus (Bennett, 1832)
  61. Species Muraena flavimarginata Rüppell, 1830 accepted as Gymnothorax flavimarginatus (Rüppell, 1830)
  62. Species Muraena flavopicta (Kaup, 1856) accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
  63. Species Muraena fusca Zuiew, 1793 accepted as Yirrkala fusca (Zuiew, 1793)
  64. Species Muraena guttata Forsskål, 1775 accepted as Haliophis guttatus (Forsskål, 1775)
  65. Species Muraena guttata Risso, 1827 accepted as Muraena helena Linnaeus, 1758
  66. Species Muraena gymnopterus Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Muraenichthys gymnopterus (Bleeker, 1853)
  67. Species Muraena hauannensis Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Ophichthus ophis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  68. Species Muraena helaena Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Muraena helena Linnaeus, 1758
  69. Species Muraena hepatica Rüppell, 1830 accepted as Gymnothorax hepaticus (Rüppell, 1830)
  70. Species Muraena irregularis (Kaup, 1856) accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
  71. Species Muraena isingteena Richardson, 1845 accepted as Gymnothorax isingteena (Richardson, 1845)
  72. Species Muraena javanica Bleeker, 1859 accepted as Gymnothorax javanicus (Bleeker, 1859)
  73. Species Muraena kailuae Jordan & Evermann, 1903 accepted as Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
  74. Species Muraena kauila Jenkins, 1903 accepted as Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
  75. Species Muraena kidako Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 accepted as Gymnothorax kidako (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
  76. Species Muraena labiata Peters, 1852 accepted as Anguilla bengalensis (Gray, 1831)
  77. Species Muraena lampra Jenkins, 1903 accepted as Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
  78. Species Muraena laysana Steindachner, 1900 accepted as Gymnothorax eurostus (Abbott, 1860)
  79. Species Muraena longicauda Peters, 1877 accepted as Anarchias longicaudis (Peters, 1877)
  80. Species Muraena longicollis Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Echelus myrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  81. Species Muraena macrocephala Rapp, 1849 accepted as Anguilla bicolor McClelland, 1844
  82. Species Muraena macrocephala Lesueur, 1817 accepted as Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur, 1817)
  83. Species Muraena macrophthalma Peters, 1852 accepted as Anguilla bengalensis (Gray, 1831)
  84. Species Muraena macrurus Bleeker, 1854 accepted as Strophidon sathete (Hamilton, 1822)
  85. Species Muraena maculata Lacepède, 1800 accepted as Haliophis guttatus (Forsskål, 1775)
  86. Species Muraena maculosa Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Myrichthys maculosus (Cuvier, 1816)
  87. Species Muraena maderensis (Johnson, 1862) accepted as Gymnothorax maderensis (Johnson, 1862)
  88. Species Muraena manillensis Bleeker, 1864 accepted as Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
  89. Species Muraena mauritiana Kaup, 1856 accepted as Gymnothorax flavimarginatus (Rüppell, 1830)
  90. Species Muraena melanospilos Bleeker, 1855 accepted as Gymnothorax isingteena (Richardson, 1845)
  91. Species Muraena meleagris Shaw, 1795 accepted as Gymnothorax meleagris (Shaw, 1795)
  92. Species Muraena micropterus Bleeker, 1852 accepted as Uropterygius micropterus (Bleeker, 1852)
  93. Species Muraena microspila Günther, 1870 accepted as Gymnothorax microspila (Günther, 1870)
  94. Species Muraena miliaris (Kaup, 1856) accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
  95. Species Muraena milliaris (Kaup, 1856) accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
  96. Species Muraena minor Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 accepted as Gymnothorax minor (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
  97. Species Muraena moa (Bleeker, 1849) accepted as Anguilla bicolor McClelland, 1844
  98. Species Muraena molendinaris Bennett, 1833 accepted as Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw, 1797)
  99. Species Muraena moluccensis (Bleeker, 1864) accepted as Gymnothorax moluccensis (Bleeker, 1864)
  100. Species Muraena monochrous Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Gymnothorax monochrous (Bleeker, 1856)
  101. Species Muraena monostigma Regan, 1909 accepted as Gymnothorax monostigma (Regan, 1909)
  102. Species Muraena mordax Ayres, 1859 accepted as Gymnothorax mordax (Ayres, 1859)
  103. Species Muraena moringa Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Gymnothorax moringa (Cuvier, 1829)
  104. Species Muraena mossambica Peters, 1852 accepted as Anguilla mossambica (Peters, 1852)
  105. Species Muraena multiocellata Poey, 1860 accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
  106. Species Muraena myrialeucostictus Fowler, 1912 accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
  107. Species Muraena myrus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echelus myrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  108. Species Muraena mystax Delaroche, 1809 accepted as Gnathophis mystax (Delaroche, 1809)
  109. Species Muraena nebulosa Ahl, 1789 accepted as Echidna nebulosa (Ahl, 1789)
  110. Species Muraena nigra Risso, 1810 accepted as Conger conger (Linnaeus, 1758)
  111. Species Muraena nigricans Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  112. Species Muraena nubila Richardson, 1848 (unaccepted)
  113. Species Muraena nubulus Richardson, 1848 (unaccepted)
  114. Species Muraena nudivomer Günther, 1867 (unaccepted)
  115. Species Muraena ocellata (Agassiz, 1831) (unaccepted)
  116. Species Muraena ophis Rüppell, 1830 (unaccepted)
  117. Species Muraena ophis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
  118. Species Muraena oxyrhina Ekström, 1831 (unaccepted)
  119. Species Muraena panamensis Steindachner, 1876 (unaccepted)
  120. Species Muraena pardalis Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 (unaccepted)
  121. Species Muraena peli (Kaup, 1856) (unaccepted)
  122. Species Muraena petelli Bleeker, 1856 (unaccepted)
  123. Species Muraena picta Ahl, 1789 (unaccepted)
  124. Species Muraena platyrhina Ekström, 1831 (unaccepted)
  125. Species Muraena polyuranodon Bleeker, 1854 (unaccepted)
  126. Species Muraena polyzona Richardson, 1845 (unaccepted)
  127. Species Muraena porphyrea (Guichenot, 1848) (unaccepted)
  128. Species Muraena prasina Richardson, 1848 (unaccepted)
  129. Species Muraena prosopeion Bleeker, 1853 (unaccepted)
  130. Species Muraena pseudothyrsoidea Bleeker, 1853 (unaccepted)
  131. Species Muraena punctata Rafinesque, 1810 (unaccepted)
  132. Species Muraena punctata Gronow, 1854 (unaccepted)
  133. Species Muraena raitaborua Hamilton, 1822 (unaccepted)
  134. Species Muraena reevesii Richardson, 1845 (unaccepted)
  135. Species Muraena reticularis (Bloch, 1795) (unaccepted)
  136. Species Muraena rhodochilus (Bleeker, 1863) (unaccepted)
  137. Species Muraena richardsonii Bleeker, 1852 (unaccepted)
  138. Species Muraena romana Shaw, 1803 (unaccepted)
  139. Species Muraena rostrata Lesueur, 1817 (unaccepted)
  140. Species Muraena ruppelli (McClelland, 1844) (unaccepted)
  141. Species Muraena saga (Risso, 1810) (unaccepted)
  142. Species Muraena sagenedota Richardson, 1848 (unaccepted)
  143. Species Muraena sagenodeta Richardson, 1848 (unaccepted)
  144. Species Muraena sanctaehelenae Günther, 1870 (unaccepted)
  145. Species Muraena sathete (Hamilton, 1822) (unaccepted)
  146. Species Muraena schismatorhynchus Bleeker, 1853 (unaccepted)
  147. Species Muraena serpens Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
  148. Species Muraena serpentina Lesueur, 1817 (unaccepted)
  149. Species Muraena siderea Richardson, 1848 (unaccepted)
  150. Species Muraena sordida Cuvier, 1816 (unaccepted)
  151. Species Muraena tessellata Richardson, 1845 (unaccepted)
  152. Species Muraena thrysoidea Richardson, 1845 (unaccepted)
  153. Species Muraena tigrina Rüppell, 1830 (unaccepted)
  154. Species Muraena tile (Hamilton, 1822) (unaccepted)
  155. Species Muraena trinitatis Miranda Ribeiro, 1919 (unaccepted)
  156. Species Muraena tristis Kaup, 1856 (unaccepted)
  157. Species Muraena unicolor Kaup, 1856 (unaccepted)
  158. Species Muraena unicolor (Delaroche, 1809) (unaccepted)
  159. Species Muraena vagrans Seale, 1917 (unaccepted)
  160. Species Muraena variegata Rafinesque, 1810 (unaccepted)
  161. Species Muraena virescens Peters, 1852 (unaccepted)
  162. Species Muraena viridipinna Seale, 1917 (unaccepted)
  163. Species Muraena viridipinnna Seale, 1917 (unaccepted)
  164. Species Muraena vorax Ogilby, 1907 (unaccepted)
  165. Species Muraena vulgaris Kaup, 1856 (unaccepted)
  166. Species Muraena xanthospilos Bleeker, 1859 (unaccepted)
  167. Species Muraena zebra (Shaw, 1797) (unaccepted)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. 10th edition. Laurentius Salvius, Holmiae, 824 pp. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277
page(s): 244 [details]   
Taxonomic remark Placed on Official List (Opinion 77) but later withdrawn. Misspelled Murena by Anonymous (Cabrera et al.) 1817, see Graells...  
Taxonomic remark Placed on Official List (Opinion 77) but later withdrawn. Misspelled Murena by Anonymous (Cabrera et al.) 1817, see Graells 1887. Genus name misspelled Muroena by Gruvel & Bouyat 1906Pl. 18, fig. 54. Opinion 1672 confirmed the type as helena and place the Muraena on the Official List. (Eschmeyer). [details]
IRMNG (2024). Muraena Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: https://www.irmng.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1356749 on 2024-04-16
Date
action
by
2006-09-20 22:00:00Z
created
2011-12-31 23:00:00Z
changed
2016-11-22 11:10:04Z
changed
db_admin
2017-11-22 13:18:58Z
changed

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. 10th edition. Laurentius Salvius, Holmiae, 824 pp. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277
page(s): 244 [details]   

basis of record SN2000/Eschmeyer, 1998 [details]   

basis of record Neave, S. A. and successors. (1939-2004). Nomenclator Zoologicus, vols. 1-10 online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]. , available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

verified source for family Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes (online version), 2012 version. , available online at https://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

verified source for family WoRMS (Mar 2013) [details]   

name verified source Neave, S. A. and successors. (1939-2004). Nomenclator Zoologicus, vols. 1-10 online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]. , available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

current name source Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes (online version), 2012 version. , available online at https://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

current name source WoRMS (Mar 2013) [details]   

extant flag source Sepkoski, J. J., Jr. (2002). A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. <em>Bulletins of American Paleontology.</em> 363, 1-560. [details]   

habitat flag source FishBase [details]   

original description  (of Myraenophis Agassiz, 1846) Agassiz, L. (1846). Nomenclatoris zoologici index universalis. Jent & Gassman. viii + 393 pp. [1847]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33664307 [details]   

original description  (of Muroena Cuvier, 1798) Tabl. élém.
page(s): 327 [details]   

original description  (of Murena Scopoli, 1786) Delic. Fl. F. Insubr., 1
page(s): 74 [details]   

original description  (of Murenophis Cuvier, 1797) Tab. Elém.
page(s): 329 [details]   

original description  (of Limomuraena Kaup, 1856) Arch. Naturgesch., 22, Abt. 1
page(s): 65 [details]   

original description  (of Limmamuraena Kaup in Duméril, 1856) Mém. Acad. France, 27
page(s): 200 [details]   

original description  (of Limamuraena Kaup, 1856) Cat. apod. Fish Brit. Mus.
page(s): 95 [details]   
From other sources
Descriptive info From FishBase: Marine. FishBase flag: All Marine. [details]

Subfamily Muraeninae [details]

Taxonomic remark Placed on Official List (Opinion 77) but later withdrawn. Misspelled Murena by Anonymous (Cabrera et al.) 1817, see Graells 1887. Genus name misspelled Muroena by Gruvel & Bouyat 1906Pl. 18, fig. 54. Opinion 1672 confirmed the type as helena and place the Muraena on the Official List. (Eschmeyer). [details]

Type species as cited Muraena helena Linnaeus 1758 [details]

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