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IRMNG taxon details

Molgula Forbes in Forbes & Hanley, 1848

1339166  (urn:lsid:irmng.org:taxname:1339166)

accepted
Genus
Anurella Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Ascopera Herdman, 1881 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Astropera Pizon, 1898 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Caesira Fleming, 1822 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Cystingia Macleay, 1825 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Eugyriopsis Roule, 1885 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Euritteria Huntsman, 1922 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Gymnocystis Giard, 1872 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Lithonephria Giard, 1872 · unaccepted (Literature misspelling)
Lithonephrya Giard, 1872 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Meristocarpus Pizon, 1899 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Mogula Kirkpatrick, 1905 · unaccepted (spelling mistake)
Molgulidium Seeliger in Bronn, 1907 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Molgulina Hartmeyer, 1914 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Molluga Pizon, 1898 · unaccepted
Pera Stimpson, 1852 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Syphonotethis Gervais, 1840 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Xenomolgula Ärnbäck, 1931 · unaccepted (Synonym)

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  1. Species Molgula aidae Oka, 1914
  2. Species Molgula amesophleba (Codreanu & Mack-Fira, 1956)
  3. Species Molgula amokurae Bovien, 1921
  4. Species Molgula antiborealis Millar, 1967
  5. Species Molgula appendiculata Heller, 1877
  6. Species Molgula arenata Stimpson, 1852
  7. Species Molgula azorensis Monniot, 1971
  8. Species Molgula bacca (Herdman, 1910)
  9. Species Molgula batemani Kott, 1952
  10. Species Molgula bathybia (Hartmeyer, 1912)
  11. Species Molgula bisinus Monniot, 1989
  12. Species Molgula bleizi (Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877)
  13. Species Molgula bourbonis Monniot, 1994
  14. Species Molgula braziliensis Millar, 1958
  15. Species Molgula brieni Monniot & Monniot, 1976
  16. Species Molgula calvata Sluiter, 1904
  17. Species Molgula camina
  18. Species Molgula caminae C. Monniot & F. Monniot, 1988
  19. Species Molgula celata (Michaelsen, 1914)
  20. Species Molgula celebensis Millar, 1975
  21. Species Molgula celtica C. Monniot, 1970
  22. Species Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848
  23. Species Molgula coactilis Monniot & Monniot, 1977
  24. Species Molgula complanata Alder & Hancock, 1870
  25. Species Molgula conchata Sluiter, 1898
  26. Species Molgula confluxa (Sluiter, 1912)
  27. Species Molgula congata Sluiter, 1898
  28. Species Molgula contorta Sluiter, 1898
  29. Species Molgula cooperi (Huntsman, 1912)
  30. Species Molgula crinita Sluiter, 1904
  31. Species Molgula crustosa C. Monniot & F. Monniot, 1988
  32. Species Molgula cryptica Millar, 1962
  33. Species Molgula cynthiaeformis Hartmeyer, 1903
  34. Species Molgula davidi Monniot, 1972
  35. Species Molgula delicata Monniot & Monniot, 1991
  36. Species Molgula dextrocarpa C. Monniot & F. Monniot, 1974
  37. Species Molgula diaguita Monniot & Andrade, 1983
  38. Species Molgula dicosta Millar, 1988
  39. Species Molgula dione (Savigny, 1816)
  40. Species Molgula discogona Millar, 1975
  41. Species Molgula diversa Kott, 1972
  42. Species Molgula dolichentera Millar, 1960
  43. Species Molgula echinosiphonica Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877
  44. Species Molgula ellistoni Kott, 1972
  45. Species Molgula elva Kott, 2008
  46. Species Molgula enodis (Sluiter, 1912)
  47. Species Molgula eobia Redikorzev, 1941
  48. Species Molgula estadosi Monniot & Monniot, 1983
  49. Species Molgula eugyroides Traustedt, 1883
  50. Species Molgula euplicata Herdman, 1923
  51. Species Molgula euprocta Drasche, 1884
  52. Species Molgula exigua Kott, 1972
  53. Species Molgula falsensis Millar, 1955
  54. Species Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859)
  55. Species Molgula flagrifera Sluiter, 1904
  56. Species Molgula forbesi Herdman, 1881
  57. Species Molgula fortuita Monniot & Monniot, 1984
  58. Species Molgula georgiana Michaelsen, 1922
  59. Species Molgula gigantea (Herdman, 1881)
  60. Species Molgula gigantea (Cunningham, 1871)
  61. Species Molgula godeffroyi Michaelsen, 1908
  62. Species Molgula griffithsi (MacLeay, 1825)
  63. Species Molgula griffithsii (MacLeay, 1825)
  64. Species Molgula habanensis Van Name, 1945
  65. Species Molgula hartmeyeri Oka, 1914
  66. Species Molgula helleri Drasche, 1884
  67. Species Molgula herdmani Bjerkan, 1905
  68. Species Molgula herdmani Brewin, 1958
  69. Species Molgula hirta F. Monniot, 1965
  70. Species Molgula hodgsoni Herdman, 1910
  71. Species Molgula hozawai Oka, 1932
  72. Species Molgula impura Heller, 1877
  73. Species Molgula incidata Kott, 1985
  74. Species Molgula janis Kott, 1952
  75. Species Molgula japonica Hartmeyer, 1906
  76. Species Molgula karubari F. Monniot & C. Monniot, 2003
  77. Species Molgula kerguelenensis Kott, 1954
  78. Species Molgula kiaeri Hartmeyer, 1901
  79. Species Molgula kolaensis Ärnbäck-Christie-Linde, 1928
  80. Species Molgula kophameli Michaelsen, 1900
  81. Species Molgula labeculifera Stimpson, 1855
  82. Species Molgula lapidifera Redikorzev, 1941
  83. Species Molgula longipedata Sluiter, 1904
  84. Species Molgula longitubis Monniot, 2002
  85. Species Molgula lutulenta (Van Name, 1912)
  86. Species Molgula lutulenta Herdman, 1923
  87. Species Molgula macquariensis Kott, 1954
  88. Species Molgula malvinensis Ärnbäck, 1938
  89. Species Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)
  90. Species Molgula marioni Millar, 1960
  91. Species Molgula martensii Traustedt, 1885
  92. Species Molgula medusa Kott, 1952
  93. Species Molgula millari Kott, 1971
  94. Species Molgula minuta Kott, 1952
  95. Species Molgula mira (Ärnbäck, 1931)
  96. Species Molgula mollis Herdman, 1899
  97. Species Molgula monodi Peres, 1949
  98. Species Molgula mortenseni (Michaelsen, 1922)
  99. Species Molgula mortoni Kesteven, 1909
  100. Species Molgula napiformis Lambert, 1993
  101. Species Molgula nodosa Hartmeyer, 1922
  102. Species Molgula novaeselandiae (Michaelsen, 1912)
  103. Species Molgula occidentalis Traustedt, 1883
  104. Species Molgula occulta Kupffer, 1875
  105. Species Molgula oculata Forbes in Forbes & Hanley, 1848
  106. Species Molgula oligostriata Tokioka, 1949
  107. Species Molgula oregonia Ritter, 1913
  108. Species Molgula pacifica (Huntsman, 1912)
  109. Species Molgula pedunculata Herdman, 1881
  110. Species Molgula phytophila Monniot, 1970
  111. Species Molgula pigafettae Monniot & Monniot, 1983
  112. Species Molgula pila Monniot & Monniot, 1985
  113. Species Molgula plana C. Monniot, 1971
  114. Species Molgula platana Van Name, 1945
  115. Species Molgula platei Hartmeyer, 1914
  116. Species Molgula platybranchia (Monniot, 1970)
  117. Species Molgula primitiva Redikorzev, 1941
  118. Species Molgula provisionalis Van Name, 1945
  119. Species Molgula pugetiensis Herdman, 1898
  120. Species Molgula pulchra Michaelsen, 1900
  121. Species Molgula pumila F. Monniot & C. Monniot, 1976
  122. Species Molgula pyriformis Herdman, 1881
  123. Species Molgula redikorzevi Oka, 1914
  124. Species Molgula reducta Hartmeyer, 1922
  125. Species Molgula regularis Ritter, 1907
  126. Species Molgula retortiformis Verrill, 1871
  127. Species Molgula rheophila (Pérès, 1956)
  128. Species Molgula riddlei Monniot in Monniot, Dettai, Eleaume, Cruaud & Ameziane, 2011
  129. Species Molgula ridgewayi (Herdman, 1906)
  130. Species Molgula ridgwayi (Herdman, 1906)
  131. Species Molgula rima Kott, 1972
  132. Species Molgula robini Monniot & Monniot, 1983
  133. Species Molgula robusta (Van Name, 1912)
  134. Species Molgula roemeri Hartmeyer, 1903
  135. Species Molgula romeri Hartmeyer, 1903
  136. Species Molgula rotunda Oka, 1914
  137. Species Molgula roulei C. Monniot, 1969
  138. Species Molgula sabulosa (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834)
  139. Species Molgula salvadori Monniot, 1970
  140. Species Molgula satyrus C. Monniot & F. Monniot, 1993
  141. Species Molgula scutata Millar, 1955
  142. Species Molgula setigera Ärnbäck, 1938
  143. Species Molgula shimodensis Nishikawa, 1982
  144. Species Molgula simplex Alder & Hancock, 1870
  145. Species Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896
  146. Species Molgula siphonalis Sars, M., 1859
  147. Species Molgula siphonata Alder, 1850
  148. Species Molgula sluiteri (Michaelsen, 1922)
  149. Species Molgula socialis Alder, 1863
  150. Species Molgula solenata (Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877)
  151. Species Molgula somaliensis Millar, 1988
  152. Species Molgula sordida Stimpson, 1852
  153. Species Molgula sphaera Kott, 1972
  154. Species Molgula spiralis Kott, 1954
  155. Species Molgula susana Monniot & Monniot, 1976
  156. Species Molgula tagi Michaelsen, 1923
  157. Species Molgula taprobane Herdman, 1906
  158. Species Molgula tectiformis Nishikawa, 1991
  159. Species Molgula tenuis Kott, 1954
  160. Species Molgula tethys F. Monniot & C. Monniot, 1974
  161. Species Molgula topata Monniot & Monniot, 1987
  162. Species Molgula tubifera (Orstedt, 1844)
  163. Species Molgula tzetlini Sanamyan, 1993
  164. Species Molgula undulata (Tokioka, 1949)
  165. Species Molgula vara C. Monniot & F. Monniot, 1979
  166. Species Molgula variazizi Monniot, 1978
  167. Species Molgula verrilli (Van Name, 1912)
  168. Species Molgula verrucifera Ritter & Forsyth, 1917
  169. Species Molgula xenophora Oka, 1914
  170. Species Molgula inconspicua Stimpson, 1855 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  171. Species Molgula recumbens Herdman, 1899 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  172. Species Molgula sydneyensis Herdman, 1898 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  173. Species Molgula africana Sluiter, 1915 accepted as Molgula occulta Kupffer, 1875
  174. Species Molgula ampulloides (Beneden, 1846) accepted as Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)
  175. Species Molgula angulata Arnback, 1938 accepted as Molgula hodgsoni Herdman, 1910
  176. Species Molgula arctica Kiaer, 1896 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848
  177. Species Molgula arenosa Alder & Hancock, 1848 accepted as Eugyra arenosa (Alder & Hancock, 1848)
  178. Species Molgula bancalis Monniot, 1970 accepted as Molgula georgiana Michaelsen, 1922
  179. Species Molgula bathamae Millar, 1982 accepted as Molgula malvinensis Ärnbäck, 1938
  180. Species Molgula birulai Redikorzev, 1907 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848
  181. Species Molgula borealis Traustedt, 1883 accepted as Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896
  182. Species Molgula boreas Traustedt, 1883 accepted as Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896
  183. Species Molgula caepiformis Herdman & Sorby, 1882 accepted as Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)
  184. Species Molgula carpenteri Herdman, 1886 accepted as Microcosmus glacialis (Sars, 1859)
  185. Species Molgula chrystallina (Moeller, 1842) accepted as Molgula griffithsii (MacLeay, 1825)
  186. Species Molgula conchilega (Mueller, 1776) accepted as Ascidia conchilega O.F. Muller, 1776
  187. Species Molgula concomitans Herdman, 1910 accepted as Molgula hodgsoni Herdman, 1910
  188. Species Molgula coreni Traustedt, 1880 accepted as Molgula occulta Kupffer, 1875
  189. Species Molgula crystallina (Moeller, 1842) accepted as Molgula griffithsii (MacLeay, 1825)
  190. Species Molgula dentifera Damas, 1904 accepted as Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)
  191. Species Molgula filholi Pizon, 1898 accepted as Paramolgula filholi (Pizon, 1898)
  192. Species Molgula forbesii Herdman, 1881 accepted as Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859)
  193. Species Molgula galatheae Millar, 1959 accepted as Pareugyrioides galatheae (Millar, 1959)
  194. Species Molgula glomerata Pizon, 1898 accepted as Paramolgula gregaria (Lesson, 1830)
  195. Species Molgula goddeffroyi Michaelsen, 1908 accepted as Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859)
  196. Species Molgula graphica Ritter, 1901 accepted as Molgula retortiformis Verrill, 1871
  197. Species Molgula gregaria (Lesson, 1830) accepted as Paramolgula gregaria (Lesson, 1830)
  198. Species Molgula groenlandica Traustedt, 1880 accepted as Molgula retortiformis Verrill, 1871
  199. Species Molgula hannensis Peres, 1949 accepted as Molgula occulta Kupffer, 1875
  200. Species Molgula horrida Herdman, 1881 accepted as Paramolgula gregaria (Lesson, 1830)
  201. Species Molgula hupferi Michaelsen, 1908 accepted as Hartmeyeria hupferi (Hartmeyer, 1909)
  202. Species Molgula immunda (Hartmeyer, 1909) accepted as Molguloides immunda (Hartmeyer, 1909)
  203. Species Molgula interrupta Tokioka, 1953 accepted as Molgula xenophora Oka, 1914
  204. Species Molgula inversa Sluiter, 1900 accepted as Paramolgula filholi (Pizon, 1898)
  205. Species Molgula koreni Sumner & Osburn, Cole, 1913 accepted as Molgula robusta (Van Name, 1912)
  206. Species Molgula litoralis Verrill, 1871 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848
  207. Species Molgula littoralis Verrill, 1871 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848
  208. Species Molgula longicaulis Herdman, 1910 accepted as Molgula pedunculata Herdman, 1881
  209. Species Molgula longicollis Wagner, 1885 accepted as Molgula retortiformis Verrill, 1871
  210. Species Molgula longivascula Millar, 1982 accepted as Molgula malvinensis Ärnbäck, 1938
  211. Species Molgula lutkeniana Traustedt, 1893 accepted as Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)
  212. Species Molgula macrosiphonica Kupffer, 1872 accepted as Molgula provisionalis Van Name, 1945
  213. Species Molgula malviniensis Arnback, 1938 accepted as Molgula malvinensis Ärnbäck, 1938
  214. Species Molgula martensi (Traustedt, 1885) accepted as Molgula martensii Traustedt, 1885
  215. Species Molgula maxima Sluiter, 1905 accepted as Molgula pedunculata Herdman, 1881
  216. Species Molgula nana Kupffer, 1873 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848
  217. Species Molgula natalensis (Michaelsen, 1918) accepted as Molgula conchata Sluiter, 1898
  218. Species Molgula norvegica Kiaer, 1896 accepted as Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896
  219. Species Molgula novaezelandiae (Michaelsen, 1912) accepted as Molgula novaeselandiae (Michaelsen, 1912)
  220. Species Molgula nuda Wagner, 1885 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848
  221. Species Molgula pannosa Verrill, 1871 accepted as Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896
  222. Species Molgula papillosa Verrill, 1871 accepted as Molgula complanata Alder & Hancock, 1870
  223. Species Molgula pellucida (Stimpson, 1852) accepted as Molgula griffithsii (MacLeay, 1825)
  224. Species Molgula pilularis Verrill, 1871 accepted as Bostrichobranchus pilularis (Verrill, 1871) accepted as Eugyra pilularis (Verrill, 1871)
  225. Species Molgula piriformis Herdman, 1881 accepted as Molgula pyriformis Herdman, 1881
  226. Species Molgula producta Stimpson, 1852 accepted as Molgula complanata Alder & Hancock, 1870
  227. Species Molgula psammodes Traustedt, 1880 accepted as Molgula occulta Kupffer, 1875
  228. Species Molgula psammophora (Agassiz, 1850) accepted as Molgula arenata Stimpson, 1852
  229. Species Molgula septentrionalis Traustedt, 1883 accepted as Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896
  230. Species Molgula singularis (Van Name, 1912) accepted as Cratostigma singularis (Van Name, 1912)
  231. Species Molgula sphaeroidea Millar, 1970 accepted as Molguloides sphaeroidea (Millar, 1970)
  232. Species Molgula sydneyensis Herdman, 1899 accepted as Molgula mollis Herdman, 1899
  233. Species Molgula tenax Traustedt, 1883 accepted as Molgula complanata Alder & Hancock, 1870
  234. Species Molgula tubularis Forbes, 1848 accepted as Eugyra arenosa (Alder & Hancock, 1848)
  235. Species Molgula tubulosa Forbes, 1848 accepted as Eugyra arenosa (Alder & Hancock, 1848)
  236. Species Molgula valvata Alder & Hancock, 1907 accepted as Eugyra arenosa (Alder & Hancock, 1848)
  237. Species Molgula vitrea Sluiter, 1904 accepted as Molguloides vitrea (Sluiter, 1904)
  238. Species Molgula wagneri Hartmeyer, 1903 accepted as Microcosmus glacialis (Sars, 1859)
marine, terrestrial
recent only
in Forbes & Hanley, Hist. Brit. Moll., 1
page(s): 36 [details]   
Taxonomic remark Available name (validated by ICZN).  
Taxonomic remark Available name (validated by ICZN). [details]
IRMNG (2024). Molgula Forbes in Forbes & Hanley, 1848. Accessed at: https://www.irmng.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1339166 on 2024-05-18
Date
action
by
2006-09-20 22:00:00Z
created
2012-02-16 23:00:00Z
changed
2016-11-22 11:10:04Z
changed
db_admin

original description in Forbes & Hanley, Hist. Brit. Moll., 1
page(s): 36 [details]   

basis of record SN2000/Goodbody, 1982 [details]   

basis of record Neave, S. A. and successors. (1939-2004). Nomenclator Zoologicus, vols. 1-10 online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]. , available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

verified source for family WoRMS (Mar 2013) [details]   

name verified source Neave, S. A. and successors. (1939-2004). Nomenclator Zoologicus, vols. 1-10 online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]. , available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

current name source WoRMS (Mar 2013) [details]   

current name source CoL2006 [details]   

extant flag source SN2000/Goodbody, 1982 [details]   

habitat flag source Aphia 2006 [details]   

original description  (of Caesira Fleming, 1822) Phil. Zool., 2
page(s): 511 [details]   

original description  (of Astropera Pizon, 1898) Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 4
page(s): 273 [details]   

original description  (of Ctenicella Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877) Arch. Zool. exp. gén. Paris, 6
page(s): 604 [details]   

original description  (of Gymnocystis Giard, 1872) Arch. Zool. exp. gén. Paris, 1
page(s): 405 [details]   

original description  (of Mongula Alder & Hancock, 1905) Brit. Tunic., 1
page(s): 46 [details]   

original description  (of Molgulina Hartmeyer, 1914) S. B. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin, 1914, 6
page(s): 8 [details]   

original description  (of Ascopera Herdman, 1881) Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, 11
page(s): 238 [details]   

original description  (of Mogula Kirkpatrick, 1905) Guide Brit. Mus. Shell Starfish Gall.
page(s): 91 [details]   

original description  (of Syphonotethis Gervais, 1840) Dict. Univ. H. N., 2
page(s): 207 [details]   

original description  (of Lithonephrya Giard, 1872) Arch. Zool. exp. gén. Paris, 1, 401
page(s): 404 [details]   

original description  (of Meristocarpus Pizon, 1899) Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 5
page(s): 42 [details]   

original description  (of Lithonephria Giard, 1872) C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 92,
page(s): 1350 [details]   

original description  (of Xenomolgula Ärnbäck, 1931) Ark. Zool., 23A, no. 5
page(s): 2 [details]   

original description  (of Molgulidium Seeliger in Bronn, 1907) in Bronn, Klass. Ordn. Tierr., 3, Suppl. 1,
page(s): 1174 [details]   

original description  (of Mollugula Dahlgrün, 1901) Arch. mikr. Anat., 58
page(s): 610 [details]   

original description  (of Pera Stimpson, 1852) Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 4
page(s): 232 [details]   

original description  (of Cystingia Macleay, 1825) Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 14 (3)
page(s): 540 [details]   

original description  (of Euritteria Huntsman, 1922) Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, (3) 16, Sect. 5, 225
page(s): 226 [details]   

original description  (of Eugyriopsis Roule, 1885) C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 100,
page(s): 1016 [details]   

original description  (of Anurella Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877) Arch. Zool. exp. gén. Paris, 6
page(s): 495 [details]   

original description  (of Molyula Hartmeyer, 1910) Zool. Ann. Braun, 3
page(s): 277 [details]   

original description  (of Molgulla Knipovitsch, 1893) Congr. Internat. Zool. Moscou, 2 (2)
page(s): 61 [details]   

original description  (of Molluga Pizon, 1898) Ann. Sci. Nat. Paris, Zool., (8) 7
page(s): 389 [details]   

original description  (of Molglua Seeliger in Bronn, 1907) in Bronn, Klass. Ordn. Tierr., 3, Suppl. [1],
page(s): 1184 [details]   
From other sources
Descriptive info Includes marine species (Aphia 2006) [details]

Nomenclatural status available [details]

Taxonomic remark Available name (validated by ICZN). [details]

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