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IRMNG taxon details

Squalus Linnaeus, 1758

1048305  (urn:lsid:irmng.org:taxname:1048305)

accepted
Genus
Acanthias Leach, 1818 · unaccepted
Acanthias Risso, 1827 · unaccepted (Objective synonym; unneeded...)  
Objective synonym; unneeded replacement name for Squalus Linnaeus
Carcharias Gistel, 1848 · unaccepted (synonym)
Flakeus Whitley, 1939 · unaccepted
Galeus Walbaum, 1792 · unaccepted
Koinga Whitley, 1939 · unaccepted
Squalis Radermacher, 1779 · unaccepted (misspelling)

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  1. Species Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
  2. Species Squalus acutirostris Chu, Meng & Li, 1984
  3. Species Squalus albifrons Last, White & Stevens, 2007
  4. Species Squalus altipinnis Last, White & Stevens, 2007
  5. Species Squalus blainville (Risso, 1827)
  6. Species Squalus bucephalus Last, Séret & Pogonoski, 2007
  7. Species Squalus chloroculus Last, White & Motomura, 2007
  8. Species Squalus crassispinus Last, Edmunds & Yearsley, 2007
  9. Species Squalus cubensis Howell Rivero, 1936
  10. Species Squalus edmundsi White, Last & Stevens, 2007
  11. Species Squalus formosus White & Iglésias, 2011
  12. Species Squalus geelongensis Chapman & Pritchard
  13. Species Squalus grahami White, Last & Stevens, 2007
  14. Species Squalus hemipinnis White, Last & Yearsley, 2007
  15. Species Squalus japonicus Ishikawa, 1908
  16. Species Squalus lalannei Baranes, 2003
  17. Species Squalus megalops (Macleay, 1881)
  18. Species Squalus melanurus Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979
  19. Species Squalus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder, 1903
  20. Species Squalus nasutus Last, Marshall & White, 2007
  21. Species Squalus notocaudatus Last, White & Stevens, 2007
  22. Species Squalus rancureli Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979
  23. Species Squalus raoulensis Duffy & Last, 2007
  24. Species Squalus serriculus Hinkley & Emery
  25. Species Squalus acanthis Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
  26. Species Squalus achantias Latreille, 1804 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
  27. Species Squalus achantias Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
  28. Species Squalus acronotus Poey, 1860 accepted as Carcharhinus acronotus (Poey, 1860)
  29. Species Squalus acutipinnis Regan, 1908 accepted as Squalus megalops (Macleay, 1881)
  30. Species Squalus adscensionis Osbeck, 1765 accepted as Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758)
  31. Species Squalus africanus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Poroderma africanum (Gmelin, 1789)
  32. Species Squalus albomaculatus Plucàr, 1846 accepted as Mustelus asterias Cloquet, 1819
  33. Species Squalus alopecias Gronow, 1854 accepted as Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  34. Species Squalus americanus Mitchill, 1815 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  35. Species Squalus americanus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Dalatias licha (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  36. Species Squalus anisodon Lacepède, 1802 accepted as Pristiophorus cirratus (Latham, 1794)
  37. Species Squalus annulatus Nilsson, 1832 accepted as Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810
  38. Species Squalus antiquorum Leach, 1818 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
  39. Species Squalus appendiculatus Shaw, 1806 accepted as Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  40. Species Squalus arcticus Faber, 1829 accepted as Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822)
  41. Species Squalus argus Bancroft, 1832 accepted as Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  42. Species Squalus asper Merrett, 1973 accepted as Cirrhigaleus asper (Merrett, 1973)
  43. Species Squalus barbatus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  44. Species Squalus barbouri Howell Rivero, 1936 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
  45. Species Squalus blainvilii (Risso, 1827) accepted as Squalus blainville (Risso, 1827)
  46. Species Squalus blainvillei (Risso, 1827) accepted as Squalus blainville (Risso, 1827)
  47. Species Squalus borealis Scoresby, 1820 accepted as Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  48. Species Squalus brevipinna (Müller & Henle, 1839) accepted as Carcharhinus brevipinna (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  49. Species Squalus brevirostris Tanaka, 1917 accepted as Squalus megalops (Macleay, 1881)
  50. Species Squalus brucus Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Echinorhinus brucus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  51. Species Squalus caecchia Nardo, 1847 accepted as Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827)
  52. Species Squalus caeruleus Blainville, 1816 accepted as Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758)
  53. Species Squalus canicula Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758)
  54. Species Squalus canis Mitchill, 1815 accepted as Mustelus canis (Mitchill, 1815)
  55. Species Squalus canis Forster, 1777 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
  56. Species Squalus carcharias Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
  57. Species Squalus carcharis Gunnerus, 1766 accepted as Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  58. Species Squalus carolinensis Blainville, 1816 accepted as Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
  59. Species Squalus catulus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758)
  60. Species Squalus caudatus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
  61. Species Squalus centrina Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Oxynotus centrina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  62. Species Squalus cepedianus Péron, 1807 accepted as Notorynchus cepedianus (Péron, 1807)
  63. Species Squalus cepedii Lesson, 1831 accepted as Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
  64. Species Squalus cetaceus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
  65. Species Squalus cinereus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Heptranchias perlo (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  66. Species Squalus cirratus Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  67. Species Squalus cirrosus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783)
  68. Species Squalus colax Meuschen, 1781 accepted as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
  69. Species Squalus commersonii Blainville, 1816 accepted as Carcharhinus melanopterus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  70. Species Squalus cornubicus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  71. Species Squalus cornubiensis Pennant, 1812 accepted as Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  72. Species Squalus cuvier Péron & Lesueur, 1822 accepted as Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822)
  73. Species Squalus delarochianus Blainville, 1816 accepted as Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810
  74. Species Squalus dentatus Blainville, 1816 accepted as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
  75. Species Squalus edentulus Brünnich, 1768 accepted as Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  76. Species Squalus edentulus Chiereghini, 1872 accepted as Mustelus asterias Cloquet, 1819
  77. Species Squalus edwardsii Schinz, 1822 accepted as Haploblepharus edwardsii (Schinz, 1822)
  78. Species Squalus edwartsii Schinz, 1822 accepted as Haploblepharus edwardsii (Schinz, 1822)
  79. Species Squalus elegans Blainville, 1825 accepted as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758)
  80. Species Squalus elephas Lesueur, 1822 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
  81. Species Squalus fasciatum Hermann, 1783 accepted as Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783)
  82. Species Squalus fasciatus Hermann, 1783 accepted as Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783)
  83. Species Squalus fernandinus Molina, 1782 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
  84. Species Squalus ferox Risso, 1810 accepted as Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810)
  85. Species Squalus fulgens Bennett, 1840 accepted as Isistius brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  86. Species Squalus galeus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  87. Species Squalus glaucus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758)
  88. Species Squalus granulosus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Centrophorus granulosus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  89. Species Squalus griffini Phillipps, 1931 accepted as Squalus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder, 1903
  90. Species Squalus griseus Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Hexanchus griseus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  91. Species Squalus gronovianus Shaw, 1804 accepted as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
  92. Species Squalus gunnerianus Blainville, 1810 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
  93. Species Squalus hinnulus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Mustelus asterias Cloquet, 1819
  94. Species Squalus homianus Blainville, 1810 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
  95. Species Squalus indicus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
  96. Species Squalus infernus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Etmopterus spinax (Linnaeus, 1758)
  97. Species Squalus infernus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Centrophorus uyato (Rafinesque, 1810)
  98. Species Squalus isabella Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Cephaloscyllium isabellum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  99. Species Squalus isabella Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Cephaloscyllium isabellum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  100. Species Squalus isodus Macri, 1819 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
  101. Species Squalus jacksoni Suckow, 1799 accepted as Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer, 1793)
  102. Species Squalus jacksonii Suckow, 1799 accepted as Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer, 1793)
  103. Species Squalus kirki Phillipps, 1931 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
  104. Species Squalus labiatus Bleeker, 1855 accepted as Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  105. Species Squalus lamia Blainville, 1816 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
  106. Species Squalus lamia Blainville, 1825 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
  107. Species Squalus licha Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Dalatias licha (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  108. Species Squalus littoralis Lesueur, 1818 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  109. Species Squalus lixa Larrañaga, 1923 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  110. Species Squalus lobatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  111. Species Squalus longicaudus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783)
  112. Species Squalus longimanus Poey, 1861 accepted as Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861)
  113. Species Squalus macrodus Mitchill, 1818 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  114. Species Squalus maculatus Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  115. Species Squalus maculatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Aulohalaelurus labiosus (Waite, 1905)
  116. Species Squalus malleus Shaw & Nodder, 1796 accepted as Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
  117. Species Squalus malleus (Valenciennes, 1822) accepted as Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
  118. Species Squalus maou Lesson, 1831 accepted as Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861)
  119. Species Squalus maximus Gunnerus, 1765 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
  120. Species Squalus microcephalus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  121. Species Squalus mitsukuri Jordan & Snyder, 1903 accepted as Squalus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder, 1903
  122. Species Squalus monensis Shaw, 1804 accepted as Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  123. Species Squalus montalbani Whitley, 1931 accepted as Squalus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder, 1903
  124. Species Squalus mustelus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
  125. Species Squalus nasus Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted)
  126. Species Squalus nicaeensis Risso, 1810 (unaccepted)
  127. Species Squalus niger Gunnerus, 1763 (unaccepted)
  128. Species Squalus niger Broussonet, 1788 (unaccepted)
  129. Species Squalus norvegianus Blainville, 1825 (unaccepted)
  130. Species Squalus obscurus Lesueur, 1818 (unaccepted)
  131. Species Squalus obtusus Poey, 1861 (unaccepted)
  132. Species Squalus ocellatus Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted)
  133. Species Squalus oculatus Banks & Solander, 1827 (unaccepted)
  134. Species Squalus pantherinus Kuhl & van Hasselt, 1852 (unaccepted)
  135. Species Squalus pelegrinus Blainville, 1810 (unaccepted)
  136. Species Squalus pennanti Walbaum, 1792 (unaccepted)
  137. Species Squalus peregrinus Blainville, 1810 (unaccepted)
  138. Species Squalus perlo Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted)
  139. Species Squalus philippi Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (unaccepted)
  140. Species Squalus philippinus Smith & Radcliffe, 1912 (unaccepted)
  141. Species Squalus philippinus Shaw, 1804 (unaccepted)
  142. Species Squalus platycephalus Tenore, 1809 (unaccepted)
  143. Species Squalus platyodon (Poey, 1860) (unaccepted)
  144. Species Squalus plumbeus Nardo, 1827 (unaccepted)
  145. Species Squalus porosus Poey, 1861 (unaccepted)
  146. Species Squalus portusjacksoni Meyer, 1793 (unaccepted)
  147. Species Squalus prionurus Otto, 1821 (unaccepted)
  148. Species Squalus pristis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
  149. Species Squalus probatovi Myagkov & Kondyurin, 1986 (unaccepted)
  150. Species Squalus punctatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (unaccepted)
  151. Species Squalus punctulatus Lacepède, 1800 (unaccepted)
  152. Species Squalus rashleighanus Couch, 1838 (unaccepted)
  153. Species Squalus rhinoceros DeKay, 1842 (unaccepted)
  154. Species Squalus rhinophanes Péron, 1807 (unaccepted)
  155. Species Squalus rondeletii Risso, 1810 (unaccepted)
  156. Species Squalus rostratus Macri, 1819 (unaccepted)
  157. Species Squalus russellianus Blainville, 1816 (unaccepted)
  158. Species Squalus scymnus Voigt, 1832 (unaccepted)
  159. Species Squalus selanonus Leach, 1818 (unaccepted)
  160. Species Squalus semisagittatus Shaw, 1804 (unaccepted)
  161. Species Squalus spallanzani Péron & Lesueur, 1822 (unaccepted)
  162. Species Squalus spathula Walbaum, 1792 (unaccepted)
  163. Species Squalus spinax Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
  164. Species Squalus spinosus Gmelin, 1789 (unaccepted)
  165. Species Squalus squamosus Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted)
  166. Species Squalus squatina Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
  167. Species Squalus stellaris Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
  168. Species Squalus striatus Forster, 1844 (unaccepted)
  169. Species Squalus suckleyi (Girard, 1855) (unaccepted)
  170. Species Squalus sucklii (Girard, 1855) (unaccepted)
  171. Species Squalus tasmaniensis Howell Rivero, 1936 (unaccepted)
  172. Species Squalus tentaculatus Shaw, 1804 (unaccepted)
  173. Species Squalus terraenovae Richardson, 1836 (unaccepted)
  174. Species Squalus tiburo Poey, 1860 (unaccepted)
  175. Species Squalus tiburo Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
  176. Species Squalus tigrinus Gmelin, 1789 (unaccepted)
  177. Species Squalus tigrinus Forster, 1781 (unaccepted)
  178. Species Squalus tuberculatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (unaccepted)
  179. Species Squalus tyberinus Bonaparte, 1841 (unaccepted)
  180. Species Squalus tygrinus Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted)
  181. Species Squalus unicolor Blainville, 1816 (unaccepted)
  182. Species Squalus ustus Duméril, 1824 (unaccepted)
  183. Species Squalus uyato Rafinesque, 1810 (unaccepted)
  184. Species Squalus vacca Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (unaccepted)
  185. Species Squalus varium Seba, 1758 (unaccepted)
  186. Species Squalus varius Seba, 1759 (unaccepted)
  187. Species Squalus vittatus Shaw, 1798 (unaccepted)
  188. Species Squalus vulgaris Richardson, 1836 (unaccepted)
  189. Species Squalus vulpes Gmelin, 1789 (unaccepted)
  190. Species Squalus vulpes Berkenhout, 1789 (unaccepted)
  191. Species Squalus vulpinus Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted)
  192. Species Squalus waddi Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (unaccepted)
  193. Species Squalus wakiyae Tanaka, 1918 (unaccepted)
  194. Species Squalus wattsii Meyer, 1793 (unaccepted)
  195. Species Squalus whitleyi Phillipps, 1931 (unaccepted)
  196. Species Squalus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. 10th edition. Laurentius Salvius, Holmiae, 824 pp. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277
page(s): 233 [details]   
Taxonomic remark Spelled Squallus by Scopoli 1777, and Sqalus by Berkenhout 1789. (Eschmeyer).  
Taxonomic remark Spelled Squallus by Scopoli 1777, and Sqalus by Berkenhout 1789. (Eschmeyer). [details]
IRMNG (2024). Squalus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: https://www.irmng.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1048305 on 2024-04-21
Date
action
by
2006-09-20 22:00:00Z
created
2011-12-31 23:00:00Z
changed
2016-11-22 11:10:04Z
changed
db_admin
2017-11-22 13:18:58Z
changed

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. 10th edition. Laurentius Salvius, Holmiae, 824 pp. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277
page(s): 233 [details]   

basis of record Neave, S. A. and successors. (1939-2004). Nomenclator Zoologicus, vols. 1-10 online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]. , available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

basis of record Brands, S. J. (compiler). (1989-2005). Systema Naturae 2000. Amsterdam, The Netherlands (2006 version). Originally available online at http://sn2000.taxonomy.nl/; for current information, refer http://taxonomicon.taxonomy.nl/ProjectDescription.aspx .  [details]   

verified source for family Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes (online version), 2012 version. , available online at https://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

verified source for family WoRMS (Mar 2013) [details]   

name verified source Neave, S. A. and successors. (1939-2004). Nomenclator Zoologicus, vols. 1-10 online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]. , available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

current name source Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes (online version), 2012 version. , available online at https://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

current name source WoRMS (Mar 2013) [details]   

extant flag source Sepkoski, J. J., Jr. (2002). A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. <em>Bulletins of American Paleontology.</em> 363, 1-560. [details]   

habitat flag source FishBase [details]   

original description  (of Flakeus Whitley, 1939) Aust. Zool., 9
page(s): 242 [details]   

original description  (of Koinga Whitley, 1939) Aust. Zool., 9
page(s): 242 [details]   

original description  (of Carcharias Gistel, 1848) Nat . Thierr., viii. [details]   

original description  (of Acanthias Leach, 1818) Mem. Werner. Soc., 2 (1)
page(s): 62 [details]   

original description  (of Acanthorhinus Blainville, 1816) Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris
page(s): 121 [details]   

original description  (of Sqvalus Brünnich, 1771) Zool. Fundam., 1772, 122
page(s): 128 [details]   

original description  (of Squalis Radermacher, 1779) Verh. Batav. Genoot., 1
page(s): 97 [details]   

original description  (of Acanthias Risso, 1827) Histoire Naturelle des principales productions . . . [refer Eschmeyer for full ref.] [details]   

original description  (of Squallus Scopoli, 1777) Intr. Hist. Nat., 464, Index [7]. [details]   
From other sources
Descriptive info From FishBase: Brackish + Marine. FishBase flag: All Marine. [details]

Taxonomic remark Spelled Squallus by Scopoli 1777, and Sqalus by Berkenhout 1789. (Eschmeyer). [details]

Type species as cited Squalus acanthias Linnaeus 1758 [details]

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