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IRMNG taxon details

Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758

1307925  (urn:lsid:irmng.org:taxname:1307925)

accepted
Genus
Species Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus acus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Syngnathus affinis Günther, 1870
Species Syngnathus anguineus
Species Syngnathus auliscus (Swain, 1882)
Species Syngnathus californiensis Storer, 1845
Species Syngnathus caribbaeus Dawson, 1979
Species Syngnathus carinatus (Gilbert, 1892)
Species Syngnathus dawsoni (Herald, 1969)
Species Syngnathus euchrous Fritzsche, 1980
Species Syngnathus exilis (Osburn & Nichols, 1916)
Species Syngnathus floridae (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Species Syngnathus folletti Herald, 1942
Species Syngnathus fuscus Storer, 1839
Species Syngnathus hardwicki
Species Syngnathus insulae Fritzsche, 1980
Species Syngnathus leptorhynchus Girard, 1854
Species Syngnathus louisianae Günther, 1870
Species Syngnathus macrobrachium Fritzsche, 1980
Species Syngnathus macrophthalmus Duncker, 1915
Species Syngnathus makaxi Herald & Dawson, 1972
Species Syngnathus pelagicus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Syngnathus phlegon Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus rostellatus Nilsson, 1855
Species Syngnathus safina Paulus, 1992
Species Syngnathus schlegeli Kaup, 1856
Species Syngnathus schmidti Popov, 1927
Species Syngnathus scovelli (Evermann & Kendall, 1896)
Species Syngnathus springeri Herald, 1942
Species Syngnathus taenionotus Canestrini, 1871
Species Syngnathus tenuirostris Rathke, 1837
Species Syngnathus typhle Linnaeus, 1758
Species Syngnathus variegatus Pallas, 1814
Species Syngnathus watermeyeri Smith, 1963

Species Syngnathus acicularis Jenyns, 1842 accepted as Leptonotus blainvilleanus (Eydoux & Gervais, 1837)
Species Syngnathus acusimilis Günther, 1873 accepted as Syngnathus schlegeli Kaup, 1856
Species Syngnathus aequoreus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Entelurus aequoreus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Syngnathus agassiz Michahelles, 1829 accepted as Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus agassizi Michahelles, 1829 accepted as Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus agassizii Michahelles, 1829 accepted as Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus algeriensis Günther, 1870 accepted as Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus alternans Günther, 1870 accepted as Syngnathus acus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Syngnathus altirostris Ogilby, 1890 accepted as Hippichthys penicillus (Cantor, 1849)
Species Syngnathus analicarens Duncker, 1915 accepted as Bryx analicarens (Duncker, 1915)
Species Syngnathus andersonii Bleeker, 1858 accepted as Micrognathus andersonii (Bleeker, 1858)
Species Syngnathus anguisigola Nardo, 1847 accepted as Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus ansorgii Boulenger, 1910 accepted as Enneacampus ansorgii (Boulenger, 1910)
Species Syngnathus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann, 1889) accepted as Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann, 1889)
Species Syngnathus argentatus Pallas, 1814 accepted as Syngnathus typhle Linnaeus, 1758
Species Syngnathus argulus Peters, 1855 accepted as Microphis argulus (Peters, 1855)
Species Syngnathus argus Richardson, 1840 accepted as Stigmatopora argus (Richardson, 1840)
Species Syngnathus argyrostictus Kaup, 1856 accepted as Hippichthys penicillus (Cantor, 1849)
Species Syngnathus balli (Fowler, 1925) accepted as Cosmocampus balli (Fowler, 1925)
Species Syngnathus banneri Herald & Randall, 1972 accepted as Cosmocampus banneri (Herald & Randall, 1972)
Species Syngnathus biaculeatus Bloch, 1785 accepted as Syngnathoides biaculeatus (Bloch, 1785)
Species Syngnathus bicoarctatus Bleeker, 1857 accepted as Trachyrhamphus bicoarctatus (Bleeker, 1857)
Species Syngnathus biserialis Kaup, 1856 accepted as Hippichthys penicillus (Cantor, 1849)
Species Syngnathus blainvilleanus Eydoux & Gervais, 1837 accepted as Leptonotus blainvilleanus (Eydoux & Gervais, 1837)
Species Syngnathus boaja Bleeker, 1851 accepted as Doryichthys boaja (Bleeker, 1851)
Species Syngnathus brachycephalus Poey, 1868 accepted as Cosmocampus brachycephalus (Poey, 1868)
Species Syngnathus brachyrhynchus Kaup, 1856 accepted as Syngnathus acus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Syngnathus brachysoma Bleeker, 1855 accepted as Choeroichthys brachysoma (Bleeker, 1855)
Species Syngnathus brachyurus Bleeker, 1854 accepted as Microphis brachyurus (Bleeker, 1854)
Species Syngnathus brevicaudus Castelnau, 1875 accepted as Trachyrhamphus bicoarctatus (Bleeker, 1857)
Species Syngnathus brevirostris Rüppell, 1838 accepted as Micrognathus brevirostris (Rüppell, 1838)
Species Syngnathus bucculentus Rathke, 1837 accepted as Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus budi Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Microphis leiaspis (Bleeker, 1853)
Species Syngnathus caballus Larrañaga, 1923 accepted as Hippocampus erectus Perry, 1810
Species Syngnathus caldwelli Herald & Randall, 1972 accepted as Cosmocampus howensis (Whitley, 1948)
Species Syngnathus carce Hamilton, 1822 accepted as Ichthyocampus carce (Hamilton, 1822)
Species Syngnathus caretta Klunzinger, 1880 accepted as Pugnaso curtirostris (Castelnau, 1872)
Species Syngnathus caspius Eichwald, 1831 accepted as Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus cayennensis Sauvage, 1882 accepted as Microphis brachyurus (Bleeker, 1854)
Species Syngnathus cinctus Ramsay, 1882 accepted as Festucalex cinctus (Ramsay, 1882)
Species Syngnathus coccineus Herald, 1940 accepted as Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann, 1889)
Species Syngnathus conspicillatus Jenyns, 1842 accepted as Corythoichthys flavofasciatus (Rüppell, 1838)
Species Syngnathus corrugatus Weber, 1913 accepted as Bhanotia fasciolata (Duméril, 1870)
Species Syngnathus crenulatus Weber, 1913 accepted as Corythoichthys haematopterus (Bleeker, 1851)
Species Syngnathus crinitus Jenyns, 1842 accepted as Micrognathus crinitus (Jenyns, 1842)
Species Syngnathus cuncalus Hamilton, 1822 accepted as Microphis cuncalus (Hamilton, 1822)
Species Syngnathus curtirostris Castelnau, 1872 accepted as Pugnaso curtirostris (Castelnau, 1872)
Species Syngnathus cyanospilos Bleeker, 1854 accepted as Hippichthys cyanospilus (Bleeker, 1854)
Species Syngnathus cyanospilus Bleeker, 1854 accepted as Hippichthys cyanospilus (Bleeker, 1854)
Species Syngnathus dactyliophorus Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Doryrhamphus dactyliophorus (Bleeker, 1853)
Species Syngnathus darrosanus Dawson & Randall, 1975 accepted as Cosmocampus darrosanus (Dawson & Randall, 1975)
Species Syngnathus delalandi Kaup, 1856 accepted as Syngnathus acus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Syngnathus deocata Hamilton, 1822 accepted as Microphis deocata (Hamilton, 1822)
Species Syngnathus deokhatoides Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Doryichthys deokhatoides (Bleeker, 1853)
Species Syngnathus djarong Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Hippichthys heptagonus Bleeker, 1849
Species Syngnathus dunckeri Metzelaar, 1919 accepted as Bryx dunckeri (Metzelaar, 1919)
Species Syngnathus elucens Poey, 1868 accepted as Cosmocampus elucens (Poey, 1868)
Species Syngnathus ethon Risso, 1827 accepted as Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus fasciatus Risso, 1810 accepted as Nerophis maculatus Rafinesque, 1810
Species Syngnathus fasciatus Gray, 1830 accepted as Corythoichthys flavofasciatus (Rüppell, 1838)
Species Syngnathus fasciolatus Duméril, 1870 accepted as Bhanotia fasciolata (Duméril, 1870)
Species Syngnathus flavescens Kaup, 1856 accepted as Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus flavofasciatus Rüppell, 1838 accepted as Corythoichthys flavofasciatus (Rüppell, 1838)
Species Syngnathus fluviatilis Peters, 1852 accepted as Microphis fluviatilis (Peters, 1852)
Species Syngnathus foliatus Shaw, 1804 accepted as Phyllopteryx taeniolatus (Lacepède, 1804)
Species Syngnathus gastrotaenia Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Hippichthys spicifer (Rüppell, 1838)
Species Syngnathus gracilis Steindachner, 1901 accepted as Hippichthys spicifer (Rüppell, 1838)
Species Syngnathus griseolineatus Ayres, 1854 accepted as Syngnathus leptorhynchus Girard, 1854
Species Syngnathus haematopterus Bleeker, 1851 accepted as Corythoichthys haematopterus (Bleeker, 1851)
Species Syngnathus hardwickii Gray, 1830 accepted as Solegnathus hardwickii (Gray, 1830)
Species Syngnathus helfrichii Bleeker, 1855 accepted as Hippichthys heptagonus Bleeker, 1849
Species Syngnathus heterosoma Bleeker, 1851 accepted as Doryichthys heterosoma (Bleeker, 1851)
Species Syngnathus hildebrandi Herald, 1965 accepted as Cosmocampus hildebrandi (Herald, 1965)
Species Syngnathus hippocampus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Hippocampus hippocampus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Syngnathus hunnii Bleeker, 1860 accepted as Hippichthys spicifer (Rüppell, 1838)
Species Syngnathus independencia Hildebrand, 1946 accepted as Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann, 1889)
Species Syngnathus investigatoris Hora, 1926 accepted as Cosmocampus investigatoris (Hora, 1926)
Species Syngnathus jonesii Günther, 1874 accepted as Micrognathus crinitus (Jenyns, 1842)
Species Syngnathus jullieni Sauvage, 1874 accepted as Doryichthys boaja (Bleeker, 1851)
Species Syngnathus kaupi Bleeker, 1863 accepted as Enneacampus kaupi (Bleeker, 1863)
Species Syngnathus kaupii (Bleeker, 1863) accepted as Enneacampus kaupi (Bleeker, 1863)
Species Syngnathus koilomatodon Bleeker, 1858 accepted as Halicampus grayi Kaup, 1856
Species Syngnathus kuhlii Kaup, 1856 accepted as Hippichthys cyanospilus (Bleeker, 1854)
Species Syngnathus leiaspis Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Microphis leiaspis (Bleeker, 1853)
Species Syngnathus lumbriciformis Jenyns, 1835 accepted as Nerophis lumbriciformis (Jenyns, 1835)
Species Syngnathus manadensis Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Microphis manadensis (Bleeker, 1856)
Species Syngnathus margaritifer Peters, 1868 accepted as Vanacampus margaritifer (Peters, 1868)
Species Syngnathus martensii Peters, 1868 accepted as Doryichthys martensii (Peters, 1868)
Species Syngnathus matterni (Fowler, 1918) accepted as Hippichthys heptagonus Bleeker, 1849
Species Syngnathus maxweberi Whitley, 1933 accepted as Cosmocampus maxweberi (Whitley, 1933)
Species Syngnathus melanopleura Bleeker, 1858 accepted as Doryrhamphus excisus Kaup, 1856
Species Syngnathus mento Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Microphis mento (Bleeker, 1856)
Species Syngnathus microchirus Moreau, 1891 accepted as Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus micronotopterus Fowler, 1938 accepted as Micrognathus micronotopterus (Fowler, 1938)
Species Syngnathus mindii Meek & Hildebrand, 1923 accepted as Pseudophallus mindii (Meek & Hildebrand, 1923)
Species Syngnathus modestus Sauvage, 1879 accepted as Vanacampus poecilolaemus (Peters, 1868)
Species Syngnathus mollisoni Scott, 1955 accepted as Mitotichthys mollisoni (Scott, 1955)
Species Syngnathus mossambicus Peters, 1855 accepted as Hippichthys cyanospilus (Bleeker, 1854)
Species Syngnathus nigrolineatus Eichwald, 1831 accepted as Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1827
Species Syngnathus nitidus Günther, 1873 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus norae Waite, 1910 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus olssoni Johnels, 1954 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus ophidion Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus papacinus Risso, 1810 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus parvicarinatus Dawson, 1978 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus parviceps Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus pelagicus Risso, 1810 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus penicillus Cantor, 1849 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus perlatus Lay & Bennett, 1839 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus phillipi Lucas, 1891 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus platyrhynchus Duméril, 1870 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus poecilolaemus Peters, 1868 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus polyacanthus Bleeker, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus ponticus Pallas, 1814 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus pulchellus Boulenger, 1915 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus punctatus Weber, 1913 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus pyrois Risso, 1827 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus randalli Herald, 1965 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus retzii Bleeker, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus rondeletii Delaroche, 1809 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus rotundatus Michahelles, 1829 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus rousseau Kaup, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus rubescens Risso, 1810 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus sauvagei Whitley, 1929 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus semifasciatus Günther, 1870 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus serratus Temminck & Schlegel, 1850 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus spicifer Rüppell, 1838 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus superciliaris Günther, 1880 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1854 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus temminckii Kaup, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus tetragonous Mitchill, 1814 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus tetragonus Thunberg, 1776 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus tetrophthalmus Bleeker, 1858 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus tetropthalmus Bleeker, 1858 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus thyphle Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus tigris Castelnau, 1879 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus torrei (Nichols, 1912) (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus trachypoma Günther, 1884 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus tuckeri Scott, 1942 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus tweedlei Meek & Hildebrand, 1923 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus uncinatus Weber, 1913 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus vercoi Waite & Hale, 1921 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus verreauxianus Duméril, 1870 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus viridis Risso, 1810 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus wardi (Whitley, 1948) (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus watermayeri Smith, 1963 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus zambezensis Peters, 1855 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus zanzibarensis Günther, 1867 (unaccepted)
Species Syngnathus zonatus Károli, 1882 (unaccepted)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. 10th edition. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277
page(s): 336 [details]   
Taxonomic remark On Official List (Opinion 77, Direction 56); Syngnathus Rafinesque 1810 placed on Official Index (Direction 56). Name...  
Taxonomic remark On Official List (Opinion 77, Direction 56); Syngnathus Rafinesque 1810 placed on Official Index (Direction 56). Name spelled Sygnatus by Wulff 1765, and Singnatus by Anonymous (Cabrera, Pérez & Haenseler) 1817, see Graells 1887. (Eschmeyer). [details]
IRMNG (2018). Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: http://www.irmng.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1307925 on 2020-02-17
Date
action
by
2006-09-20 22:00:00Z
created
2011-12-31 23:00:00Z
changed
2016-11-22 11:10:04Z
changed
db_admin
2017-11-22 13:18:58Z
changed

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. 10th edition. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277
page(s): 336 [details]   

basis of record SN2000/Eschmeyer, 1998 [details]   

basis of record Neave, S. A. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]. , available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

verified source for family Eschmeyer online (Jun 2012) [details]   

verified source for family WoRMS (Mar 2013) [details]   

verified source for genus Neave, S. A. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]. , available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

current name source Eschmeyer online (Jun 2012) [details]   

current name source WoRMS (Mar 2013) [details]   

extant flag source Sepkoski, J. J., Jr. (2002). A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. <em>Bulletins of American Paleontology.</em> 363, 1-560. [details]   

habitat flag source FishBase [details]   

original description  (of Syrictes Jordan & Evermann, 1927) Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., (4) 16
page(s): 504 [details]   

original description  (of Siphonostoma Agassiz, 1846) Agassiz, L. (1846). Nomenclatoris zoologici index universalis: continens nomina systematica classium, ordinum, familiarum et generum animalium omnium, tam viventium quam fossilium, secundum ordinem alphabeticum unicum disposita, adjectis homonymiis plantarum, nec non variis adnotationibus et emendationibus. [1846 edition]. [details]   

original description  (of Typhlinus Rafinesque, 1815) Rafinesque, C.S. (1815). Analyse de la nature, ou tableau de l'universe et des corps organisés. Palermo: Jean Barravecchia. 224 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/106607
page(s): 90 [details]   

original description  (of Dermatosthus Gill, 1863) Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., 1862, 283 (as Dermatostethus; also as Dermatosthus). [details]   

original description  (of Sygnanthus Berkenhout, 1795) Syn. Nat. Hist. Brit., (ed. 3), 1
page(s): 63 [details]   

original description  (of Sygratus Link, 1790) Mag. Neuste Phys. u. Nat., 6 (3)
page(s): 36 [details]   

original description  (of Sephostoma Swainson, 1838) Hist. Classif. Fish., 1
page(s): 90 [details]   

original description  (of Signanthus Scopoli, 1777) Intr. Hist. Nat., 466, Index An. [7]. [details]   

original description  (of Tiphle Rafinesque, 1810) Car. n. Gen.
page(s): 18 [details]   

original description  (of Sygnatus Donndorff, 1798) Zool. Beytr., 3
page(s): 787 [details]   

original description  (of Dermatostethus Gill, 1862) Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., 1862, 283 (also as Dermatosthus). [details]   

original description  (of Siphonostomus Kaup, 1856) Cat. Lophobr. Fish. Brit. Mus.
page(s): 48 [details]   

original description  (of Typhle Agassiz, 1846) Agassiz, L. (1846). Nomenclatoris zoologici index universalis: continens nomina systematica classium, ordinum, familiarum et generum animalium omnium, tam viventium quam fossilium, secundum ordinem alphabeticum unicum disposita, adjectis homonymiis plantarum, nec non variis adnotationibus et emendationibus. [1846 edition]. [details]   

original description  (of Sygnathus Suckow, 1799) Anfangsgr. Naturgesch. Thiere, 4 (1), 41
page(s): 166 [details]   
From other sources
Descriptive info From FishBase: Freshwater + Brackish + Marine. FishBase flag: Mostly Marine. [details]

Habitat Marine and nonmarine [details]

Nomenclatural status available [details]

Subfamily Syngnathinae [details]

Taxonomic remark On Official List (Opinion 77, Direction 56); Syngnathus Rafinesque 1810 placed on Official Index (Direction 56). Name spelled Sygnatus by Wulff 1765, and Singnatus by Anonymous (Cabrera, Pérez & Haenseler) 1817, see Graells 1887. (Eschmeyer). [details]

Type species as cited Syngnathus acus Linnaeus 1758 [details]

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