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IRMNG taxon details

Perla Geoffroy, 1762

1287646  (urn:lsid:irmng.org:taxname:1287646)

accepted
Genus
Species Perla bipunctata Pictet, 1833
Species Perla burmeisteriana Claassen, 1936
Species Perla carantana Sivec & Graf, 2002
Species Perla caucasica (Navás, 1931)
Species Perla grandis Rambur, 1842
Species Perla horvati Sivec & Stark, 2002
Species Perla illiesi Braasch & Joost, 1971
Species Perla isogona Hagen, 1873
Species Perla kiritschenkoi Zhiltzova, 1961
Species Perla liui Wu, 1940
Species Perla marginata Panzer, 1799
Species Perla maxima (Scopoli, 1763)
Species Perla opposita Walker, 1852
Species Perla pallida Guérin, 1838
Species Perla quadrata Klapálek, 1907
Species Perla simplex Chu, 1929
Species Perla tibialis Pictet, 1841
Species Perla vitticollis Hagen, 1873
Species Perla zwicki Sivec & Stark, 2002

Species Perla abbreviata (Klapálek, 1921) accepted as Forca caucasica (Guerin, 1838)
Species Perla abdominalis Guerin, 1838 accepted as Forca abdominalis (Guerin, 1838)
Species Perla abdominalis (Burmeister, 1839) accepted as Perla burmeisteriana Claassen, 1936
Species Perla abdominalis (Jacobson & Bianchi,) accepted as Perla marginata Panzer, 1799
Species Perla abnormis (Newman, 1838) accepted as Acroneuria abnormis (Newman, 1838)
Species Perla aegyptiaca Pictet, 1841 accepted as Forca aegyptiaca (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla aestivalis (Needham & Claassen, 1925) accepted as Cultus aestivalis (Needham & Claassen, 1925)
Species Perla aethiops (Walker, 1852) accepted as Anacroneuria aethiops (Walker, 1852)
Species Perla affinis (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Isoperla grammatica (Poda, 1761)
Species Perla alameda Needham & Claassen accepted as Baumannella alameda (Needham & Claassen, 1925)
Species Perla alameda (Needham & Claassen, 1925) accepted as Kogotus alameda (Needham & Claassen, 1925) accepted as Baumannella alameda (Needham & Claassen, 1925)
Species Perla alpicola (Klapálek, 1900) accepted as Perla grandis Rambur, 1842
Species Perla alpina (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Dictyogenus alpinus (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla americana (Banks, 1900) accepted as Agnetina capitata (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla anamensis Banks, 1920 accepted as Forca anamensis (Banks, 1920)
Species Perla angulata (Walker, 1852) accepted as Neoperla angulata (Walker, 1852)
Species Perla angustata (Rambur, 1842) accepted as Marthamea vitripennis (Burmeister, 1839)
Species Perla annularis Pictet, 1841 accepted as Forca annularis (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla annulicauda (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Anacroneuria annulicauda (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla annulipes Hagen, 1861 accepted as Agnetina annulipes (Hagen, 1861)
Species Perla apicata Navás, 1918 accepted as Forca apicata (Navás, 1918)
Species Perla arenosa (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Acroneuria arenosa (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla arida (Hagen, 1861) accepted as Acroneuria arida (Hagen, 1861)
Species Perla asturica (Navás, 1917) accepted as Forca asturica (Navás, 1917)
Species Perla asturica Navás, 1917 accepted as Forca asturica (Navás, 1917)
Species Perla attenuata (Banks, 1905) accepted as Attaneuria ruralis (Hagen, 1861)
Species Perla baetica (Rambur, 1845) accepted as Dinocras cephalotes (Curtis, 1827)
Species Perla barbiellinii Navás, 1925 accepted as Forca barbiellinii (Navás, 1925)
Species Perla barcinonensis (Rambur, 1842) accepted as Perla marginata Panzer, 1799
Species Perla benigma (Needham, 1909) accepted as Brahmana benigma (Needham, 1909)
Species Perla bicolor (Burmeister, 1839) accepted as Marthamea vitripennis (Burmeister, 1839)
Species Perla bifasciata (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Anacroneuria bifasciata (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla bifasciata Pictet, 1841 accepted as Forca bifasciata (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla bilobata (Needham & Claassen, 1925) accepted as Remenus bilobatus (Needham & Claassen, 1925)
Species Perla blanchardi Jacobson & Bianchi, 1851 accepted as Forca blanchardi (Jacobson & Bianchi, 1851)
Species Perla brasilica Navás, 1932 accepted as Forca brasilica (Navás, 1932)
Species Perla brasiliensis (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Kempnyia brasiliensis (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla brunneipennis (Walsh, 1862) accepted as Perlesta placida (Hagen, 1861)
Species Perla bureschi (Schoenemund, 1926) accepted as Perla pallida Guérin, 1838
Species Perla burmeisteri (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Siphonoperla burmeisteri (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla californica Banks, 1905 accepted as Calineuria californica (Banks, 1905)
Species Perla calignata (Burmeister, 1839) accepted as Neoperla calignata (Burmeister, 1839)
Species Perla canilimbata (Enderlein, 1909) accepted as Togoperla fortunati (Navás, 1926)
Species Perla capitata Pictet, 1841 accepted as Agnetina capitata (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla carletoni Banks, 1920 accepted as Forca carletoni (Banks, 1920)
Species Perla carlukiana (Klapálek, 1907) accepted as Perla bipunctata Pictet, 1833
Species Perla carolinenesis (Banks, 1905) accepted as Acroneuria carolinensis (Banks, 1905)
Species Perla caucasica Guerin, 1838 accepted as Forca caucasica (Guerin, 1838)
Species Perla caudata Klapálek, 1921 accepted as Forca caudata (Klapálek, 1921)
Species Perla cellulata Navás, 1919 accepted as Forca cellulata (Navás, 1919)
Species Perla cephalotes (Curtis, 1827) accepted as Dinocras cephalotes (Curtis, 1827)
Species Perla chekiangensis (Chu, 1928) accepted as Togoperla sinensis Banks, 1939
Species Perla chicoutimiensis (Provancher, 1878) accepted as Oemopteryx glacialis (Newport, 1849)
Species Perla chlorella (Rambur, 1842) accepted as Isoperla grammatica (Poda, 1761)
Species Perla cincta (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Anacroneuria cincta (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla cinerea (Retzius, 1783) accepted as Nemoura cinerea (Retzius, 1783)
Species Perla citronella (Newport, 1848) accepted as Isoperla citronella (Newport, 1848)
Species Perla cocandica McLachlan, 1875 accepted as Forca cocandica (McLachlan, 1875)
Species Perla comstocki Wu, 1937 accepted as Forca comstocki (Wu, 1937)
Species Perla concolor (Banks, 1908) accepted as Calineuria californica (Banks, 1905)
Species Perla coreana (Okamoto, 1921) accepted as Oyamia nigribasis Banks, 1920
Species Perla costalis (Navás, 1923) accepted as Forca navasa (Claassen, 1923)
Species Perla costalis Pictet, 1841 accepted as Forca costalis (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla costata Navás, 1918 accepted as Forca costata (Navás, 1918)
Species Perla coulonii Pictet, 1841 accepted as Forca coulonii (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla crosbyi (Needham & Claassen, 1925) accepted as Hydroperla crosbyi (Needham & Claassen, 1925)
Species Perla cylindrica (de Geer, 1778) accepted as Leuctra fusca (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Perla cymbele Needham, 1909 accepted as Forca cymbele (Needham, 1909)
Species Perla cymodoce (Newman, 1839) accepted as Perlodes microcephala (Pictet, 1833)
Species Perla dacica (Klapálek, 1907) accepted as Perla pallida Guérin, 1838
Species Perla debilis (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Anacroneuria debilis (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla debilis Pictet, 1841 accepted as Forca debilis (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla decipiens (Walsh, 1862) accepted as Perlesta placida (Hagen, 1861)
Species Perla decisus (Walker, 1852) accepted as Cultus decisus (Walker, 1852)
Species Perla decolorata (Walker, 1852) accepted as Isoperla decolorata (Walker, 1852)
Species Perla dilaticollis (Burmeister, 1839) accepted as Anacroneuria dilaticollis (Burmeister, 1839)
Species Perla dispar (Rambur, 1842) accepted as Perlodes dispar (Rambur, 1842)
Species Perla dubia (Rambur, 1842) accepted as Perla burmeisteriana Claassen, 1936
Species Perla duplicata (Banks, 1920) accepted as Diploperla duplicata (Banks, 1920)
Species Perla duvauceli (Needham, 1909) accepted as Gibosia needhami Klapálek, 1916
Species Perla duvaucelii Pictet, 1841 accepted as Forca duvaucelii (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla ebria Hagen, 1874 accepted as Isoperla sobria (Hagen, 1874)
Species Perla elegantula (Klapálek, 1905) accepted as Dinocras cephalotes (Curtis, 1827)
Species Perla elongata (Walsh, 1862) accepted as Perlinella drymo (Newman, 1839)
Species Perla errata (Claassen, 1936) accepted as Chernokrilus erratus (Claassen, 1936)
Species Perla excavata (Banks, 1908) accepted as Acroneuria lycorias (Newman, 1839)
Species Perla exilis McLachlan, 1972 accepted as Kamimuria exilis (McLachlan, 1972)
Species Perla expansa (Banks, 1920) accepted as Pictetiella expansa (Banks, 1920)
Species Perla fenestrata Pictet, 1841 accepted as Forca fenestrata (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla fenestrata (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Anacroneuria fenestrata (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla ferreri (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Dinocras ferreri (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla flava (Fourcroy, 1785) accepted as Chloroperla tripunctata (Scopoli, 1763)
Species Perla flavescens Walsh, 1862 accepted as Agnetina flavescens (Walsh, 1862)
Species Perla flaviventris (Pictet, 1841) accepted as Hemimelaena flaviventris (Pictet, 1841)
Species Perla flavotincta (McLachlan, 1872) accepted as Paragnetina flavotincta (McLachlan, 1872)
Species Perla formosana Okamoto, 1912 accepted as Tyloperla formosana (Okamoto, 1912)
Species Perla fugitans (Needham & Claassen, 1925) accepted as Hydroperla fugitans (Needham & Claassen, 1925)
Species Perla fumipenis (Walsh, 1863) accepted as Perlinella fumipennis (Walsh, 1862) accepted as Perlinella ephyre (Newman, 1839)
Species Perla fumosa (Banks, 1902) accepted as Paragnetina fumosa (Banks, 1902)
Species Perla gayi (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla geniculata (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla genualis (Navás, 1918) (unaccepted)
Species Perla georgiana (Banks, 1914) (unaccepted)
Species Perla gibba (Klapálek, 1907) (unaccepted)
Species Perla griseipennis (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla guerinii Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla guitarti (Navás, 1921) (unaccepted)
Species Perla hagenii (Pictet, 1865) (unaccepted)
Species Perla hieroglyphica (Provancher, 1876) (unaccepted)
Species Perla hispanica (Rambur, 1842) (unaccepted)
Species Perla hyalina Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla hyalina (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla illustris (Banks, 1908) (unaccepted)
Species Perla imhoffi (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla immarginata (Claassen, 1940) (unaccepted)
Species Perla immarginata (Say, 1823) (unaccepted)
Species Perla immersa McLachlan, 1875 (unaccepted)
Species Perla impunctata Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla infumata Navás, 1923 (unaccepted)
Species Perla innota (Banks, 1918) (unaccepted)
Species Perla innubila (Needham & Claassen, 1925) (unaccepted)
Species Perla intermixta Walker, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Perla internata (Walker, 1852) (unaccepted)
Species Perla intricata (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla ione Needham, 1909 (unaccepted)
Species Perla japonica (Okamoto, 1912) (unaccepted)
Species Perla kansensis (Banks, 1905) (unaccepted)
Species Perla kawamurae (Okamoto, 1912) (unaccepted)
Species Perla kheili (Navás, 1909) (unaccepted)
Species Perla klugii (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla latisulcata (Klapálek, 1921) (unaccepted)
Species Perla lezeyi (Navás, 1926) (unaccepted)
Species Perla limbata Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla lineaticollis Blanchard, 1851 (unaccepted)
Species Perla litura Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla litura (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla longicauda (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla longicauda Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla luctuosa (Banks, 1906) (unaccepted)
Species Perla lugubris (McLachlan, 1875) (unaccepted)
Species Perla lutea (Latreille, 1805) (unaccepted)
Species Perla luteipes (Klapálek, 1921) (unaccepted)
Species Perla luteola (Burmeister, 1839) (unaccepted)
Species Perla lycorias (Newman, 1839) (unaccepted)
Species Perla maculata Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla madritensis (Rambur, 1842) (unaccepted)
Species Perla malaccensis (Rambur, 1842) (unaccepted)
Species Perla marginipes (Provancher, 1876) (unaccepted)
Species Perla matsumurae (Okamoto, 1912) (unaccepted)
Species Perla media (Walker, 1852) (unaccepted)
Species Perla megacephala (Klapálek, 1907) (unaccepted)
Species Perla melanophthalma Navás, 1926 (unaccepted)
Species Perla mexicana Guerin, 1838 (unaccepted)
Species Perla microcephala (Pictet, 1833) (unaccepted)
Species Perla minima (Newport, 1849) (unaccepted)
Species Perla minor Curtis, 1827 (unaccepted)
Species Perla misnoma (Claassen, 1936) (unaccepted)
Species Perla modesta (Banks, 1908) (unaccepted)
Species Perla moria (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla morio Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla mosellae (McLachlan, 1895) (unaccepted)
Species Perla naica (Provancher, 1876) (unaccepted)
Species Perla navalis (Provancher, 1876) (unaccepted)
Species Perla navasa Claassen, 1923 (unaccepted)
Species Perla neotropica Jacobson & Bianchi, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla nigra (Pictet, 1833) (unaccepted)
Species Perla nigritarisis (Despax, 1931) (unaccepted)
Species Perla nigrocincta (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla nirvana Banks, 1920 (unaccepted)
Species Perla nivicola (Fitch, 1847) (unaccepted)
Species Perla nona (Needham & Claassen, 1925) (unaccepted)
Species Perla nubes Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla obscura (Zetterstedt, 1840) (unaccepted)
Species Perla obscura (Needham & Claassen, 1925) (unaccepted)
Species Perla obscura (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla occipitalis (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla ochracea (Kolbe, 1885) (unaccepted)
Species Perla olivacea (Walker, 1852) (unaccepted)
Species Perla orientalis Claassen, 1922 (unaccepted)
Species Perla pallipennis Banks, 1938 (unaccepted)
Species Perla parisina (Rambur, 1842) (unaccepted)
Species Perla paui (Navás, 1909) (unaccepted)
Species Perla pennsylvanica (Rambur, 1842) (unaccepted)
Species Perla persica (Zwick, 1976) (unaccepted)
Species Perla picta Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla picteti (Blanchard, 1851) (unaccepted)
Species Perla picteti Lucas, 1849 (unaccepted)
Species Perla placida (Hagen, 1861) (unaccepted)
Species Perla polita (Burmeister, 1839) (unaccepted)
Species Perla postica (Walker, 1852) (unaccepted)
Species Perla producta (Walsh, 1862) (unaccepted)
Species Perla proxima (Rambur, 1842) (unaccepted)
Species Perla quebecensis (Provancher, 1876) (unaccepted)
Species Perla ramosa Needham & Claassen, 1925 (unaccepted)
Species Perla rectangula (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla repanda (Hagen, 1861) (unaccepted)
Species Perla repanda (Banks, 1920) (unaccepted)
Species Perla reticulata Burmeister, 1839 (unaccepted)
Species Perla riparia (Provancher, 1876) (unaccepted)
Species Perla rivulorum (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla rupinsulensis (Walsh, 1862) (unaccepted)
Species Perla ruralis (Hagen, 1861) (unaccepted)
Species Perla sabulosa (Banks, 1900) (unaccepted)
Species Perla selysii (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla seminigra Klapalek, 1907 (unaccepted)
Species Perla serricornis (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla servillei Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla severa (Hagen, 1861) (unaccepted)
Species Perla shestoperowi Navás, 1933 (unaccepted)
Species Perla signata Walker, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Perla sikkimensis Enderlein, 1909 (unaccepted)
Species Perla similis (Hagen, 1861) (unaccepted)
Species Perla sitctica Blanchard, 1851 (unaccepted)
Species Perla sobria (Hagen, 1874) (unaccepted)
Species Perla solssonae (Banks, 1911) (unaccepted)
Species Perla sorpta (Needham & Claassen, 1925) (unaccepted)
Species Perla spinulata (Wu, 1947) (unaccepted)
Species Perla stancovici Sámal, 1935 (unaccepted)
Species Perla subvarians (Banks, 1920) (unaccepted)
Species Perla suffusa (Walker, 1852) (unaccepted)
Species Perla sulcata (Provancher, 1876) (unaccepted)
Species Perla suzukii (Okamoto, 1912) (unaccepted)
Species Perla taurica (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla taurica Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla tenella (Rambur, 1842) (unaccepted)
Species Perla tennina Needham, 1905 (unaccepted)
Species Perla terminalis (Walker, 1852) (unaccepted)
Species Perla theryana (Navás, 1935) (unaccepted)
Species Perla tincta (Navás, 1923) (unaccepted)
Species Perla tinctipennis (McLachlan, 1875) (unaccepted)
Species Perla titusi (Banks, 1918) (unaccepted)
Species Perla torrentium (Pictet, 1841) (unaccepted)
Species Perla trictura (Hoppe, 1938) (unaccepted)
Species Perla trijuncta (Walker, 1852) (unaccepted)
Species Perla tristis (Hagen, 1861) (unaccepted)
Species Perla trivittata (Banks, 1895) (unaccepted)
Species Perla uncinata Navás, 1918 (unaccepted)
Species Perla varians (Walsh, 1862) (unaccepted)
Species Perla venosa (Needham & Claassen, 1925) (unaccepted)
Species Perla ventralis Pictet, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Perla verticalis Banks, 1920 (unaccepted)
Species Perla vidali (Navás) (unaccepted)
Species Perla virens (Zetterstedt, 1840) (unaccepted)
Species Perla virescens (Pictet, 1833) (unaccepted)
Species Perla virescentipennis (Blanchard, 1851) (unaccepted)
Species Perla viridella (Rambur, 1842) (unaccepted)
Species Perla vitripennis (Burmeister, 1839) (unaccepted)
Species Perla werneri Kempny, 1908 (unaccepted)
Species Perla xanthenes (Newman, 1828) (unaccepted)
Species Perla xenocia Banks, 1914 (unaccepted)
Species Perla yakimae (Hoppe, 1938) (unaccepted)
marine, brackish
recent + fossil
Hist. Insect. Paris, 2
page(s): 229 [details]   
Taxonomic remark Available name, validated by ICZN (Opinion 645, 1963).  
Taxonomic remark Available name, validated by ICZN (Opinion 645, 1963). [details]
IRMNG (2018). Perla Geoffroy, 1762. Accessed at: http://www.irmng.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1287646 on 2020-07-11
Date
action
by
2006-09-20 22:00:00Z
created
2011-12-31 23:00:00Z
changed

original description Hist. Insect. Paris, 2
page(s): 229 [details]   

basis of record Neave, S. A. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]. , available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

basis of record SN2000/Stark, 1998 [details]   

verified source for family Hallan, J. (2000-current). Biology Catalog (2012 version), http://bug.tamu.edu/research/collection/hallan/ (as at 2012).  [details]   

current name source CoL2006 [details]   

extant flag source Hallan, J. (2000-current). Biology Catalog (2012 version), http://bug.tamu.edu/research/collection/hallan/ (as at 2012).  [details]   

habitat flag source as per family [details]   

original description  (of Perlaria Rafinesque, 1815) Rafinesque, C.S. (1815). Analyse de la nature, ou tableau de l'universe et des corps organisés. Palermo: Jean Barravecchia. 224 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/106607
page(s): 122 [details]   

original description  (of Esera Navás, 1909) Act. Mem. Congr. Natural. Españ., 1
page(s): 144 [details]   
From other sources
Descriptive info Oligocene - Holocene (Hallan, 2000-) [details]

Nomenclatural status available [details]

Taxonomic remark Available name, validated by ICZN (Opinion 645, 1963). [details]

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